Hong Kong democracy site pulled out 'by mistake'

In this photo taken on Sept 1, 2020, Hong Kong democracy activist Nathan Law is standing next to a banner as he attends a demonstration outside the Foreign Office in Berlin. PHOTO: AFP

HONG KONG (AFP) - Israel-based web host Wix made an error in pulling out a Hong Kong democracy website from its servers following a takedown request by the Chinese financial hub's police, the company said on Friday (June 4).

The removal is the first known case of Hong Kong police using a sweeping new national security law to demand overseas websites censor content.

Mr Nathan Law, a former student leader and Hong Kong legislator who fled to Britain last year, tweeted on Thursday that Wix had removed www.2021HKCharter.com, a website set up by overseas activists calling for democracy in the city.

He shared a letter the Hong Kong police wrote to Wix demanding the website be pulled because it contained messages "likely to constitute offences endangering national security".

Employees of Wix, the letter warned, could face a fine and six months in prison if they refused.

The website was taken down on Monday but reappeared soon after Mr Law went public.

"The website was removed by mistake," a Wix spokesman told AFP by e-mail on Friday.

"We are also reviewing our screening process in order to improve and make sure that mistakes such as this do not repeat in the future."

The takedown order comes as China's campaign to silence dissent in semi-autonomous Hong Kong rattles tech brands.

Beijing imposed a sweeping security law on the city after huge and often violent democracy protests in 2019.

The law outlawed many forms of dissent and gave police broad Internet takedown powers.

China has also awarded itself "universal jurisdiction" to pursue any perceived national security crime committed by anyone overseas.

That leaves tech companies in a potentially precarious position, especially those that have offices or servers in Hong Kong or a presence in the mainland Chinese market.

China keeps the Internet ring-fenced by a "Great Firewall".

Hong Kong still maintains open online access, but the authorities have started to step up online controls.

Earlier this week, new legislation was passed making it compulsory to present identification when buying pre-pay sim cards.

Last year Google, Facebook and Twitter said they would stop responding to takedown requests from the Hong Kong authorities following the imposition of the security law.

Like its rival SquareSpace, Wix has become a popular website builder, allowing simple drag-and-drop tools as well as templates for people to quickly set up their own online pages.

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