Chinese war dead from Korean conflict to return home

Members of South Korea's Agency for Killed In Action Recovery and Identification preparing to place the remains of Chinese soldiers, who fought during the Korean War, into coffins during ceremonial rites at a temporary military ossuary in Incheon, we
Members of South Korea's Agency for Killed In Action Recovery and Identification preparing to place the remains of Chinese soldiers, who fought during the Korean War, into coffins during ceremonial rites at a temporary military ossuary in Incheon, west of Seoul, yesterday. The remains of the soldiers will be repatriated tomorrow.PHOTO: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

SEOUL • A Chinese officer yesterday saluted as the remains of 20 former comrades were arrayed in a South Korean military facility ahead of their return home, decades after they died in the Korean War.

The brown-stained bones, including some near-complete skulls, were laid out on tables at the temporary ossuary in Incheon before being placed in identical boxes pending their repatriation tomorrow.

It will be the fifth annual return under a 2013 agreement that has so far seen 569 sets of remains sent back.

Communist Chinese forces played a crucial role in support of the North during the 1950 to 1953 Korean War, but former South Korean president Park Geun Hye offered to return the bodies of Beijing's war dead as a goodwill gesture.

Chinese leader Mao Zedong sent millions of troops to intervene as United Nations forces led by the United States drove the North Korean army back towards the Chinese frontier in late 1950, saving the North from defeat in a decisive turning point in the war.

South Korean and UN forces were pushed back south, losing control of Seoul before recovering to recapture the capital and end up in a stalemate along what is now the Demilitarised Zone.

Casualty figures remain disputed but Western estimates commonly cite a figure of 400,000 Chinese deaths, while Chinese sources mention a death toll of about 180,000.

Casualty figures remain disputed but Western estimates commonly cite a figure of 400,000 Chinese deaths, while Chinese sources mention a death toll of about 180,000.

The repatriations take place ahead of China's annual Qingming, or tomb-sweeping, festival when people visit and clean the graves of their ancestors.

The bodies being sent back tomorrow were exhumed last year from multiple sites in Gangwon province in South Korea's north-east.

Hundreds of North Korean soldiers remain interred at a special cemetery plot in Paju, just south of the heavily fortified border with North Korea, but Pyongyang has ignored Seoul's offers to return them despite sporadic talks on the issue.

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on March 27, 2018, with the headline 'Chinese war dead from Korean conflict to return home'. Print Edition | Subscribe