China's top trade negotiator Liu He stresses private economy's role

China's chief trade negotiator Vice-Premier Liu He arriving for trade negotiations with the US in Washington on Oct 10, 2019.
China's chief trade negotiator Vice-Premier Liu He arriving for trade negotiations with the US in Washington on Oct 10, 2019.PHOTO: REUTERS

BEIJING (BLOOMBERG) - Chinese Vice-Premier Liu He highlighted the role of market and non-state players, weighing into the debate about how much of China's economy is government controlled and addressing a point of ongoing tension with the US.

Mr Liu, also the top negotiator in trade talks with the US, stressed in a lengthy article published on Friday (Nov 22) in the Communist Party's flagship People's Daily how important the non-state economy is to China. He repeated the Party's recent commitment to the market playing a "decisive" role in the economy.

His more than 6,000 word article provides one of the most authoritative interpretations of the change to Communist Party theory last month, which raised the market economy into the so-called "socialist basic economic system".

The essay also claimed that the Chinese government intends to promote fair competition, improve protection of intellectual property and commercial secrets. Protection of trade secrets in China is one of the key concerns for foreign firms doing business in China, and officials have attempted to address those concerns with a new law governing foreign investment. Whether that is successful will depend on how the new rules are implemented and upheld.

Mr Liu talked about the need to expand the middle-income class to create a large domestic market and ensure social stability.

The article was published against a backdrop of increasing scrutiny of China's state-led economic model.

Charlene Barshefsky, the US trade representative in the second term of the Clinton administration, on Thursday criticised China for a pivot to mercantilism.

"Today the China model fuses the Party, resurgent state planning, massive subsidies, protectionism and IP theft - all turbo charged by scale," she said at the Bloomberg New Economy Forum in Beijing.

Though there is no evidence to believe that Mr Liu's essay was directly in response to that criticism, his article presents the official defence from similar criticisms, making the case that China's model is not rigidly state-led.


In late 2018, state media made repeated mentions of the Party's "unwavering" support for both the private and public sector, with President Xi Jinping himself telling entrepreneurs of his support for their work.

The effort to shore up the private sector came in response to concerns that it was bearing the brunt of efforts to cut leverage, and the perception that the state sector would do better as economic growth slowed.

The New Economy Forum is being organised by Bloomberg Media Group, a division of Bloomberg LP, the parent company of Bloomberg News.