Two Sessions 2020

China's defence spending to rise by slower 6.6 per cent

China's defence spending is set to increase at a slower rate this year, as Beijing grapples with the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

Military spending will go up by 6.6 per cent to 1.27 trillion yuan (S$253 billion), a slightly slower increase compared to last year's 7.5 per cent, according to figures from China's Budget released yesterday.

The numbers, announced each year at the opening of China's annual legislative meetings known as the Two Sessions, are closely watched as a barometer of how Beijing will expand its military capabilities.

Premier Li Keqiang said in his work report yesterday that Beijing would continue to strengthen its armed forces, which safeguard "China's sovereignty, security, and development interests".

"We will deepen reforms in national defence and the military, increase our logistic and equipment support capacity, and promote innovative development of defence-related science and technology," he told almost 2,900 lawmakers at the Great Hall of the People in the Chinese capital.

The meetings, usually held in March, were pushed back to May because of the coronavirus outbreak.

In its Budget report, the Finance Ministry yesterday highlighted the importance of having a modernised armed forces, saying this was necessary to "better serve the overall interests of the (Chinese Communist) Party and the country".

The report added: "We will support defence and military modernisation with priority for ensuring national defence spending."

In recent years, China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) has grown its arsenal to include modern weapons, including aircraft carriers, stealth fighters and hypersonic weapons.

 
 
 
 

S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies associate research fellow James Char said the slowing growth of military spending should not have a big impact on the PLA's modernisation push over the near to medium term

"But if such a trend continues on a long-term basis, this will certainly have an emasculatory effect on the PLA's future progress," he said.

This year's 6.6 per cent increase is the lowest since growth in China's defence spending dropped to the single digits in 2016, following a near-unbroken streak of double-digit increases over more than two decades.

Professor Zhu Feng, director of Nanjing University's Institute of International Studies, said the slower rate of growth was "absolutely necessary" if the country is to deal with the grave economic impact from the pandemic - China's gross domestic product slipped 6.8 per cent in the first quarter of this year.

Prof Zhu also pointed out that this year's projected military spending sends a positive signal at a time when Sino-US ties are tense and deteriorating.

"If there is a large increase in military spending at this time, it will seem like China has a very aggressive attitude, and it will not be beneficial to its international image," he said.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 23, 2020, with the headline 'China's defence spending to rise by slower 6.6 per cent'. Print Edition | Subscribe