China willing to talk to Taiwan, with eye on peaceful 'reunification'

BEIJING • China can talk to Taiwan as long as it helps promote peaceful development and "reunification", Beijing said yesterday, after the island's main opposition party said it could sign a peace treaty if it wins a presidential election next year.

China claims self-ruled and proudly democratic Taiwan as its own and has vowed to bring the island, which it regards as sacred territory, under Chinese control, by force if necessary.

While China has not broached the idea of a peace deal in years, Mr Wu Den-yih, chairman of the Beijing-friendly Kuomintang, said earlier this month that the party could sign a peace deal with China if it won the hotly contested election.

Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen, who is from the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), said the island will not accept any deal that destroys its sovereignty and democracy.

China's policymaking Taiwan Affairs Office, in the government's first official response to the Kuomintang's peace deal proposal, said anything that benefits the interests of people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait should be promoted.

Its spokesman An Fengshan said: "As long as it benefits protecting the peace of the Taiwan Strait and increasing the peaceful development of relations, and pushes the peaceful reunification process of the motherland, it can be jointly investigated by both sides."

He did not directly mention the idea of a peace deal in his answer.


China has not mentioned the idea since 2009, when then Premier Wen Jiabao unexpectedly raised it in his opening speech at the annual meeting of the country's Parliament.

China translates the word "tong yi" as "reunification", but it can also be translated as "unification", a term in English preferred by supporters of Taiwan independence, who point out that Beijing's communist government has never ruled Taiwan and so it cannot be "reunified".

Mr An said the DPP was seeking to stymie the wish of the Taiwan people for peace across the Taiwan Strait, which would only harm the interests of the Taiwanese and "ruin Taiwan's prospects and future".

Ms Tsai's party suffered stinging losses to the Kuomintang in mayoral and local elections last November.

Ms Tsai, who wants to maintain the status quo, has said China must use peaceful means to resolve its differences with Taiwan and respect Taipei's democratic values.

Beijing has regularly sent military aircraft and ships to circle the island on drills in the past few years and has also heaped pressure on Taiwan internationally, including whittling down the number of its few remaining diplomatic allies.

Chinese President Xi Jinping, who has made Taiwan a key focus of his administration, warned in a major New Year's speech that China reserves the right to use force to bring Taiwan under its control.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on February 28, 2019, with the headline 'China willing to talk to Taiwan, with eye on peaceful 'reunification''. Print Edition | Subscribe