SHANGHAI (REUTERS) - China has launched a new audit into environmental compliance in the northern industrial province of Hebei surrounding Beijing, as it looks to ensure officials are not dodging efforts to combat pollution, official media said on Friday (Oct 11).
China launched countrywide audits in 2015 to help ensure compliance with efforts to curb pollution, with many local authorities accused of turning a blind eye to pollution in order to guarantee growth and employment.
Hebei, which produces a quarter of China's steel and is responsible for much of the smog drifting over the capital, was the test site for the first probe.
Teams of inspectors led by former government ministers and other retired senior politicians were sent to each region and given the authority to inspect any site without prior warning and summon any official for formal interviews.
Nationally, around 130,000 violations and failures of governance were investigated, leading to 1.43 billion yuan (S$276 million) in fines.
The latest Hebei audit began in the cities of Baoding and Langfang on Oct 10 and will be extended to other cities, including Shijiazhuang and Handan, in mid-November, according to the China Environmental News, an environment ministry publication.
Inspectors would also look at how officials in non-environmental roles carried out their environmental responsibilities, the paper said.
The environment ministry said in July it would also extend probes to two giant state-owned conglomerates, Minmetals and ChemChina.
Hebei has already been under pressure to curb industrial output over the past month in order to reduce air pollution across China's coastal regions.
It will also be subject to tougher smog control measures from now until March 2020, with some cities expected to reduce concentrations of lung-damaging small particles known as PM2.5 by up to 7 per cent from last year, according to a draft plan.