COLOMBO (AFP) - US Secretary of State John Kerry said Saturday that democracy was in danger in the Maldives as police made nearly 200 arrests at a protest over the jailing of the paradise islands' ex-president.
Police fired tear gas and baton-charged Friday night's protest on the main island of Male, said witnesses to what was the biggest show of support for Mohamed Nasheed since he was handed a 13-year term in March.
Nasheed's Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) said one of its top lieutenants were among those arrested, while the head of the largest Islamist party in the mainly Sunni Muslim nation was detained.
The streets of Male appeared to be calm Saturday as police put the number of arrests at 193. While authorities defended their use of force to break up the protest, Kerry added his voice to the growing chorus of criticism of President Abudulla Yameen's regime.
"We see even now how regrettably there are troubling signs that democracy is under threat in the Maldives where the former president Nasheed has been imprisoned without due process," said Kerry.
"This is an injustice that needs to be addressed soon," he added on a visit to neighbouring Sri Lanka.
The MDP said 195 people had been arrested, accusing the security forces of responding to what it called a peaceful protest "with tear gas, baton charges (and) stun grenades".
"All key opposition figures are now under arrest," party spokeswoman Shauna Aminath told AFP. "It was a brutal crackdown by the regime."
She said the party's chairman Ali Waheed had been arrested along with Sheik Imran, leader of the main Islamic Adhaalath Party, who was an organiser of Friday's protest.
The government responded in a statement by accusing the organisers of incitement, saying they had "called on all gathered to topple the government and confront the police".
Yameen came to power in late 2013 after controversially beating Nasheed in a run-off election despite trailing in the first round. Nasheed, a climate change activist who was imprisoned during the three-decade rule of former strongman ruler Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, became the archipelago's first democratically elected leader in 2008. He was toppled in February 2012 after a mutiny by police and troops that followed weeks of protests over his ordering of the arrest of a top judge who had been appointed by Gayoom.
The arrest formed the centre-piece of Nasheed's prosecution. His conviction triggered widespread international condemnation and alarm in regional powerhouse India.
The MDP put the number of people taking part in Friday night's protest at 25,000, a huge figure given the islands' population is only around 330,000. There was no word on the turnout from police.
The protest came only hours after the United Nations criticised the jailing of Nasheed on March 13 on anti-terror charges as "arbitrary" and said the sentencing had followed a "vastly unfair trial".
The UN Human Rights Office said their delegation, which visited Male late last month, found Nasheed had been subjected to a "rushed trial" under a system that was highly politicised. It asked Yameen, the half-brother of Gayoom, to ensure the safety of Nasheed and allow freedom of expression.
Nasheed's lawyer filed a petition on Thursday with the UN arguing his detention is illegal and a violation of international law.
The appeal to the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in Geneva came as Nasheed's wife Laila Ali visited Washington to lobby the White House, State Department and Congress. "This is a very difficult time for me and my children, but today I also have hope," Ali said, alongside her legal team that includes London-based rights lawyer Amal Clooney.
In a report last week, Amnesty International said protesters in the Maldives were being frequently beaten up while the media faced a growing number of death threats.
Despite the backlash, the government has insisted Nasheed received a fair trial and has told its critics to respect the verdict.