BEIJING • Most people sent to mass detention centres in China's Xinjiang region have "returned to society", a senior official from the region said yesterday, but he declined to give an estimate of how many have been held in recent years.
United Nations experts and activists say at least one million ethnic Uighurs, and members of other largely Muslim minority groups, have been detained in camps in China's western region.
Beijing describes the camps as vocational training centres to help stamp out religious extremism and teach new work skills.
Xinjiang vice-chairman Alken Tuniaz, asked at a briefing in Beijing how many people had been put in the camps, said the number was "dynamic" and that most had "successfully achieved employment".
He said: "Currently, most people who have received training have already returned to society, returned home."
A transcript of the briefing e-mailed to reporters had been edited to read "most have already graduated", using the word for students who finish a course or graduate from high school.
"Individual countries and news media have ulterior motives, have inverted right and wrong, and slandered and smeared (China)" over the centres, he said.
China has not issued detailed figures on how many people have been sent to the camps and the authorities limit access for independent investigators. Researchers have made estimates through various methods such as analysing government procurement documents and satellite imagery of the facilities.
Foreign journalists have reported personal accounts of some former internees and photographed sprawling prison-like facilities surrounded by razor wire and watch towers.
As Western countries have mounted more strident criticism of the camps, China has not backed down on what it says is a highly successful de-radicalisation programme in a region that has been plagued with intermittent ethnic violence.
Officials have arranged highly choreographed visits for journalists and diplomats to some of the facilities, where the government says the rights of the "trainees" are fully guaranteed.
It has also suggested that fewer people would be sent through the centres over time.
The government rejects any suggestion that it abuses religious and human rights.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo this month called China's treatment of Uighurs and other minorities in Xinjiang the "stain of the century" and the Trump administration has been weighing sanctions against Chinese officials over their policies there.