SYDNEY (AFP) - The US envoy to Canberra has raised concerns about China buying political influence in Australia, after a raft of revelations over Beijing's financial support for influential figures.
Political donations from foreign sources have become a highly sensitive issue in Australia, which last week saw the resignation of a leading opposition senator after he admitted taking payments to cover expenses.
"We have been surprised, quite frankly, at the extent of the involvement of the Chinese government in Australian politics," departing US ambassador John Berry said in The Australian newspaper on Wednesday (Sept 14).
"It is an entirely different matter when the government of China is able to directly funnel funds to political candidates to advance their national interests in your national campaign," Berry said.
"That, to us, is of concern. We cannot conceive of a case where a foreign donation from any government, friend or foe, would be considered legitimate in terms of that democracy."
Foreign donations are illegal in the United States, Australia's closest ally, and Berry urged Canberra to clean up.
"Our hope is that, in resolving this, Australia will consider doing what many other democracies have done: that is to protect their core responsibility against undue influence from governments that don't share our values."
The opposition Labor Party - reeling from Senator Sam Dastyari's sudden downfall after a donor with links to the Chinese government paid for one of his expenses bills - has proposed a ban on foreign donations in election campaigning.
Dastyari, a high-profile powerbroker, had also reportedly contradicted Labor and government policy on the South China Sea.
However Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's Liberal Party has also received large donations from Chinese firms and individuals, often with links to the Beijing government, and has shown little appetite for a ban.
"Look, Australia is a sovereign nation, but I can see no argument of how a foreign government's involvement through political contributions advances Australia's interests," the envoy said.
"In our country it's illegal. It would be against the law for any foreign donation to be accepted by any level of government or member of government."
China's rise and its sweeping claims to the South China Sea have seen a dramatic sharpening of Sino-US rivalry.
Australia has also become increasingly concerned about the purchase of domestic infrastructure and land by foreigners, and recently banned a sale by the country's biggest private landowner to a Chinese-led consortium.
However, the government's first foreign land register last week showed that British and US investors own far more agricultural land in Australia than Chinese nationals do.