NEW YORK (AFP) - Democratic state governors, city mayors and powerful companies united on Friday (June 2) in defiance of President Donald Trump's pledge to take the United States out of the Paris climate accord, pledging to meet greenhouse gas emission targets regardless.
A majority of Americans in every state, or 69 per cent of US voters, believe the United States should participate in the agreement, according to a recent opinion poll carried out by Yale University's programme on climate change communication.
The Republican leader's announcement on Thursday sparked swift condemnation from academics, captains of industry and Democratic political opponents.
It even drew criticism from some Republicans, as small demonstrations erupted in New York and Washington.
US billionaire, philanthropist and UN envoy for climate change Michael Bloomberg pledged US$15 million to support the agreement's coordinating agency if necessary - the sum it stands to lose should the United States refuse to pay its share.
"Americans will honour and fulfill the Paris agreement by leading from the bottom up," he said, flying to the French capital to meet President Emmanuel Macron in an expression of solidarity.
"Mayors, governors and business leaders from both political parties are signing onto a statement of support that we will submit to the UN - and together, we will reach the emission reduction goals the US made in Paris in 2015," said Bloomberg.
The United States - the world's second largest greenhouse gas emitter after China - pledged in the Paris climate deal to reduce emissions that contribute to global warming by 26 per cent in a 20-year period by 2025.
The New York Times said that Bloomberg's unnamed group so far includes 30 mayors, three governors, more than 80 university presidents and more than 100 businesses.
The Democratic-led states of California, New York and Washington pledged separately after Trump's announcement to uphold the global accord's goals to reduce emissions and implement new programmes on cleaner energy use.
Eighty-seven US mayors, who say they represent 40 million Americans, have also committed to uphold the Paris commitments, intensify efforts to meet climate goals and increase investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency.
Several major US corporations, captains of industry and business groups urged Trump to honor the endangered agreement, with oil super majors ExxonMobil and Chevron among those reiterating their support for the accords.
New York's Bill de Blasio, mayor of America's most populous city, told WNYC radio that he wanted to "surpass" his commitment to reduce emissions 80 percent by 2050.
"We will now start the process of increasing our goals to lower emissions even further and faster, because bluntly... we're going to have to shoulder more of the burden now," he said.
While UN officials stress that it could take several years before there is a proper understanding of the implications of a US withdrawal, they also say the deal was structured to require action at multiple levels of government, not just federal.
Robert Orr, one of the architects of the Paris accord and a former special advisor to the UN secretary general on climate change, told AFP that the United States had already been on track to achieve about half its Paris reductions commitment.
"What's really happening here is the president may have unwittingly added dynamism to the same actors that have always been the ones that are delivering the reductions to actually do more on their own," he told AFP.
"If this coalition broadens and deepens at the pace that it appears to be, I think the Trump effect could be more than mitigated," added Orr, now dean of the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland.
California, New York and Washington, which have formed their own alliance, represent more than one-fifth of US gross domestic product and account for at least 10 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, their governors said.
They are hoping more governors will join them.
The governor of Hawaii has also pledged to continue concrete steps to implement the Paris accord, while governors of Colorado, Connecticut, Minnesota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Virginia committed to clean air and clean energy.
The earliest possible date for America's official withdrawal from the Paris agreement is Nov 4, 2020 - the day after the next US presidential election - although Trump's current term in office is not due to end until Jan 20, 2021.