HANOVER/WASHINGTON (REUTERS)- United States President Barack Obama confirmed on Monday (April 25) that he had approved the deployment of as many as 250 additional US personnel to Syria, including special forces, to train and assist local forces fighting Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants.
Mr Obama, speaking in Germany, said he had backed the deployment to build on momentum from special forces already on the ground in Syria in driving ISIS out of key areas.
The decision was first reported by the Wall Street Journal and confirmed an April 1 Reuters report that the Obama administration was considering a significant increase in US forces.
The additional deployment aims to accelerate recent gains against ISIS and appears to reflect growing confidence in the ability of US-backed forces inside Syria and Iraq to claw back territory from the hardline Sunni Islamist group.
ISIS controls the cities of Mosul in Iraq and Raqqa in Syria and is proving a potent threat abroad, claiming credit for major attacks in Paris in November and Brussels in March.
While Mr Obama has resisted putting US troops into Syria, where a five-year civil war has killed at least 250,000 people, he sent 50 US special operations forces to Syria last year in what US officials described as a "counterterrorism" mission rather than an effort to tip the scales in the war.
"He (Obama) intends to put in more ... forces to the tune of 250 in Syria," said one US official, adding he was unable to break down how many of those would be special operations forces and how many might be medical or intelligence support personnel.
"The president has authorised a series of steps to increase support for our partners in the region, including Iraqi security forces as well as local Syrian forces who are taking the fight to ISIL," said a second Obama administration official.
There are mounting indications the momentum in Iraq and Syria may have shifted against ISIS.
In Iraq, the group has been pulling back since December when it lost Ramadi, the capital of the western province of Anbar. In Syria, ISIS fighters have been pushed from the strategic city of Palmyra by Russian-backed Syrian government forces.
Since US-backed forces recaptured the strategic Syrian town of al-Shadadi in late February, a growing number of Arab fighters in Syria have offered to join the fight against the group, US officials told Reuters in early April.
Obama is in Hanover meeting German Chancellor Angela Merkel. On Monday, the two will be joined by British Prime Minister David Cameron, French President Francois Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi to discuss Syria and other foreign policy issues.
Obama said he was "deeply concerned" about a surge in violence in Syria, where government forces have stepped up bombing of rebel-held areas around the strategic city of Aleppo.
But speaking at a news conference with Merkel, Obama said it would be very difficult to see how a so-called safe zone would work in Syria without a large military commitment.
"The issue surrounding a safe zone in Syrian territory is not a matter of an ideological objection on my part," he said."It's not a matter of me not wishing I could help and protect a whole bunch of people. It's a very practical issue about how do you do it?"
Obama posed a number of questions about such a zone, including what country would "put a bunch of ground troops inside of Syria" after five years of civil war.