With nuclear deal in balance, hardliners protest in Teheran

Iranian students hold placards during a demonstration outside the Teheran Research Reactor in the capital city on Nov 23, 2014, to show their support to Iran's nuclear programme. Iran and six world powers are holding talks in Vienna to reach a lastin
Iranian students hold placards during a demonstration outside the Teheran Research Reactor in the capital city on Nov 23, 2014, to show their support to Iran's nuclear programme. Iran and six world powers are holding talks in Vienna to reach a lasting agreement on Teheran's disputed nuclear programme before Nov 24. Such a deal, after 12 years of rising tensions, is aimed at easing fears that Teheran will develop nuclear weapons under the guise of its civilian activities -- an ambition the Islamic republic has always fiercly denied. -- PHOTO: AFP

TEHERAN (AFP) - The tensions over a possible nuclear deal involving Iran were laid bare on Sunday outside an atomic facility in Teheran where a rare protest drew hardliners critical of the government's negotiators.

While the crowd was small - about 200, mostly students, gathered at the entrance to the Teheran Research Reactor - the event was the first such officially approved demonstration in months. It coincided with the penultimate day of talks in Vienna between Iran and the United States and other world powers aimed at a permanent deal that seeks to block all routes to Teheran developing a bomb.

As a sign of defiance on Iran's nuclear activities, several protesters wore white lab coats in memory of four Iranian atomic scientists that Teheran says were assassinated by Israel and the United States.

"We protest the process of negotiations and the suspension of sanctions. Sanctions should be lifted altogether," said Hamed Tamanaie, one of the protesters.

"Nuclear energy is our absolute right," and "Sanctions won't stop us," read placards held by the protesters.

The crowd chanted "Death to America" while a speaker rounded on the conduct of the year-long negotiations which entered their final 36 hours with a deal hanging in the balance.

President Hassan Rouhani and Mohammad Javad Zarif, the foreign minister who is leading the Iranian side in the Austrian capital, "do not know how to do diplomacy", the speaker said.

One woman held a banner that said: "The centrifuges are not working, nor is the economy," alluding to Rouhani's pledge to restart talks to help Iran's sanctions-hit economy recover.

The protest highlighted the feelings of some Iranians that the government has already made too many concessions on its nuclear programme during the discussions of the past year.

However, an Iranian source in Vienna signalled openness to extending the talks by six months or even another year.

Such an extension would be under terms of an interim deal reached in Geneva last November that traded a temporary freeze on some of Iran's nuclear activities for limited sanctions relief, the source said.

The so-called P5+1 - permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany - have been locked in talks with Iran since February to turn the interim Geneva accord into a lasting agreement.

Such a deal is aimed at easing fears that Teheran could develop nuclear weapons under the guise of its civilian activities.

The Islamic republic denies it wants to build an atomic bomb and insists its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.

Sunday's newspaper editorials in Teheran showed stark divisions on the merit of the talks.

"Our country's nuclear challenge with the P5+1 will never achieve results," said Kayhan, a hardline conservative daily whose editor-in-chief is directly appointed by Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

"Reaching an agreement which would bring to an end this 12-year challenge is not only far-fetched, but impossible," it added.

However, Shargh, a reformist paper that has supported Rouhani and Zarif, said there was "no going back to how it was", a reference to the tense situation on the nuclear issue under Iran's last government led by president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

"Even if no agreement is signed on Monday, this wouldn't mean that there has been no result or that the negotiations have reached an impasse," it said.