BEIRUT (AFP) - US-backed fighters have launched a renewed attack on ISIS militants inside their Syrian bastion Raqqa, seeking to retake a key eastern neighbourhood, a human rights monitor said on Saturday (July 1).
"The Syrian Democratic Forces started a counter-offensive on Friday night to retake Al-Senaa," said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The SDF first ousted ISIS from Al-Senaa on June 12, less than a week after they first entered Raqqa.
But ISIS pushed back, unleashing a slew of car bombs and attacks from weaponised drones and taking back control of the neighbourhood on Friday.
"It was Daesh's most intense attack yet," a military source from the US-backed fighters told AFP, using an Arabic acronym for ISIS.
The source said ISIS had surrounded about 50 members of the Elite Forces - US-backed Arab fighters allied with the SDF - before heavy coalition air strikes broke the siege.
Al-Senaa is key for both the SDF and ISIS because it is adjacent to the city centre, where most ISIS fighters defending Raqqa are thought to be holed up.
Around 2,500 militants are fighting inside Raqqa, according to British Major General Rupert Jones, a deputy commander of the US-led coalition backing the SDF.
"At this point, the SDF has retaken about 30 per cent of Al-Senaa. There are clashes and coalition air strikes in that neighbourhood and across the city," Abdel Rahman told AFP.
The US-led coalition has provided key support to the SDF's offensive, with air strikes, on-the-ground advisors, weapons, and equipment.
The Observatory said on Saturday that 193 civilians, including 33 children, had been killed in Raqqa since the US-backed SDF entered the city.
The Britain-based monitor said 219 ISIS fighters had been killed in air strikes and clashes in the same period, but he had no immediate toll for the SDF's losses.
The United Nations estimates some 100,000 civilians remain in Raqqa, with the militants accused of using them as human shields.
The city became infamous as the scene of some of the worst ISIS atrocities, including public beheadings, and is thought to have been a hub for planning attacks overseas.