Scars of war

Five years of civil war have left a trail of destruction on Syria's historic sites and landmarks.

The entrance to Aleppo's Islamic-era al-Zarab souk in November 2008 (top) and earlier this month, after large sections of the covered market were destroyed in clashes in 2012 and 2013. Views of the Old City from Aleppo's ancient walled citadel in Nov
The Umayyad mosque in Aleppo in March 2009 (top) and scarred by fighting earlier this month. Its ancient stone minaret lay in a heap in one corner where it had collapsed after suffering a direct hit. PHOTOS: REUTERS


The entrance to Aleppo's Islamic-era al-Zarab souk in November 2008 (top) and earlier this month, after large sections of the covered market were destroyed in clashes in 2012 and 2013. Views of the Old City from Aleppo's ancient walled citadel in Nov
Views of the Old City from Aleppo's ancient walled citadel in November 2008 (top) and earlier this month, after suffering damage in the war.


The entrance to Aleppo's Islamic-era al-Zarab souk in November 2008 (top) and earlier this month, after large sections of the covered market were destroyed in clashes in 2012 and 2013. Views of the Old City from Aleppo's ancient walled citadel in Nov
The entrance to Aleppo’s Islamic-era al-Zarab souk in November 2008 (top) and earlier this month, after large sections of the covered market were destroyed in clashes in 2012 and 2013.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on December 22, 2016, with the headline 'Scars of war'. Print Edition | Subscribe