2016: A YEAR OF DISRUPTION

The perfect storm

Former prime minister David Cameron called the referendum, fought for the Remain camp passionately, but lost. Former Ukip leader Nigel Farage ran a divisive campaign tapping into voters' fears of excessive immigration. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson
Former prime minister David Cameron called the referendum, fought for the Remain camp passionately, but lost.
Former prime minister David Cameron called the referendum, fought for the Remain camp passionately, but lost. Former Ukip leader Nigel Farage ran a divisive campaign tapping into voters' fears of excessive immigration. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson's decision to jump ship to the Leave camp had a big impact on the vote.
Former prime minister David Cameron called the referendum, fought for the Remain camp passionately, but lost. Former Ukip leader Nigel Farage ran a divisive campaign tapping into voters' fears of excessive immigration. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn was severely criticised for his feeble efforts to convince voters to stay.
Former prime minister David Cameron called the referendum, fought for the Remain camp passionately, but lost. Former Ukip leader Nigel Farage ran a divisive campaign tapping into voters' fears of excessive immigration. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson
Former Ukip leader Nigel Farage ran a divisive campaign tapping into voters' fears of excessive immigration.

A combination of persuasive Leave personalities and bad Remain strategy led to one of the biggest upsets of 2016. These are four key figures in the Brexit vote.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on December 20, 2016, with the headline 'The perfect storm'. Print Edition | Subscribe