DUBLIN (AFP) - Ireland on Saturday became the first country in the world to approve gay marriage by popular vote as crowds cheered in Dublin in a spectacular setback for the once all-powerful Catholic Church.
Just over 62 per cent of ballots cast were in favour of gay marriage, with just under 38 per cent against, official figures showed.
Only one of Ireland’s 43 constituencies, Roscommon-South Leitrim in the centre of the republic, voted against the constitutional change.
Hundreds of “Yes” supporters gathered in the grounds of Dublin Castle cheered and waved rainbow flags as the results came through.
A mass of camera phones went up and people put their children on their shoulders as the returning officer appeared on the screen to announce the results in Irish and English.
She was half-way through the figure for the “Yes” vote when huge cheers broke out.
Love heart-shaped balloons floated up into the air as people jumped up and down in excitement and clapped with their hands above their heads.
People hugged and kissed one another afterwards, standing with their arms around each other, while some, visibly moved, looked close to tears.
— Justin McCarthy (@MrJustinMac) May 23, 2015
The mood earlier had been equally joyous as results came in and the "yes" vote was anticipated.
“It’s an amazing day to be Irish!” said Rory O’Neill or “Panti Bliss", Ireland’s foremost drag queen and a leading “Yes” campaigner, as she arrived at the party wearing a figure-hugging dress and high heels.
Outside the main counting centre in Dublin, Grainne O’Grady, 44, and Pauline Tracey, 53, said the plan was to “celebrate, celebrate, celebrate”.
“I’m just so happy I could burst. We were voting on whether we were equal in our own country,” said O’Grady, wearing a “Yes Equality” T-shirt.
Out of a total electorate of 3,221,681, some 1,949,725 people cast their ballots in Friday’s referendum, meaning a turnout of 60.52 per cent.
Legalising gay marriage is a seismic change in Ireland, where the Church remains a powerful force. Homosexuality was illegal until 1993 and divorce until 1996, and abortion is banned except where the mother’s life is in danger.
The Archbishop of Dublin Diarmuid Martin, Ireland’s top Catholic leader, told RTE that the Church now needed a “reality check”.
“I think the Church needs to do a reality check right across the board... Have we drifted away completely from young people?” he said.
“It’s a social revolution that didn’t begin today,” said Martin, who had called for a “No” vote arguing that gay rights should be respected “without changing the definition of marriage”.
Health Minister Leo Varadkar, who became Ireland’s first openly gay cabinet minister when he came out this year and is tipped as a future leader, also said the “Yes” campaign had been a “social revolution”.
“We’re the first country in the world to vote for marriage equality by popular vote and to enshrine it in our constitution,” he told RTE.
CELEBRITIES BACKED 'YES'
The referendum has pitched traditionalists including the Catholic Church against those in favour of gay marriage, including Ireland’s Prime Minister Enda Kenny, a Catholic who told voters there was “nothing to fear” in a televised message on Wednesday night.
All Ireland’s main political parties supported amending the constitutional definition of marriage.
A string of Irish celebrities have also backed the “Yes” campaign including singers Bono and Sinead O’Connor plus actor Colin Farrell.
— Richard Branson (@richardbranson) May 23, 2015
— Salman Rushdie (@SalmanRushdie) May 23, 2015
Here at #HayFestival - almost no signal but news in that Ireland’s Yes Campaign has carried the day. So so happy. Oscar smiles in his grave.
— Stephen Fry (@stephenfry) May 23, 2015
CONGRATULATIONS to the Republic on saying yes to same-gender marriage! Now what about Northern Ireland?
— Ian McKellen (@IanMcKellen) May 23, 2015
So happy Ireland have passed the law to get married there. Still genuinely shocks me thou, that this is only just happening!!
— SAM SMITH (@samsmithworld) May 23, 2015
The Catholic Church campaigned strongly for a “No” vote, insisting marriage can only involve a man and woman, drawing support from many older voters.
The majority of Irish people identify themselves as Catholic, but the Church’s influence has waned in recent years amid growing secularisation and after a wave of child sex abuse scandals.
Around 3.2 million people were eligible to vote in Friday’s referendum, and the national turnout was relatively high at over 60 per cent.
The issue has drawn intense interest on social media under the hashtag #MarRef and was the second most popular trending subject on Twitter Saturday.
Many young Irish voters had been posting selfies of themselves returning from overseas by plane and ferry to vote in favour of gay marriage.
‘IRELAND HAS CHANGED’
Ireland will be the 19th country in the world to legalise gay marriage, and the 14th in Europe.
Parliament first has to pass specific legislation and is expected to draw up the Bill this week. The first same-sex weddings could then take place in Ireland towards the end of the year.
Across the border in Northern Ireland, gay marriage is banned even though it is legal in the rest of the United Kingdom.
The historic shift brought up raw emotions at the gathering in Dublin Castle, the former centre of British power in Ireland.
Karen Brady, 27, said she had flown home to Ireland from Vancouver in Canada for the referendum.
“I voted with my parents – it was such a memorable and moving moment,” she said.
“I was nearly in tears because a few years ago, Ireland was not like that and my parents would not have accepted me. But Ireland has changed.”