VERDUN, France (AFP) - French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel stood shoulder to shoulder on Sunday (May 29) to mark the centenary of Verdun, one of the bloodiest battles of World War I.
The battle in northeast France was the longest of World War I, lasting 300 days, and claimed more than 300,000 lives before France emerged victorious.
Verdun is now seen as a key symbol of the reconciliation of France and Germany and Mr Hollande and Ms Merkel are expected to make a call for Europe to pull together to confront its current challenges.
Under persistent rain, the leaders began the commemoration by laying a wreath at the German military cemetery at Consenvoye, just north of Verdun.
They walked between rows of black crosses embossed in white with the names of the dead that stretch down the hill of the cemetery where 11,000 German soldiers are buried.
By visiting the German cemetery, Mr Hollande and Ms Merkel were following in the footsteps of their predecessors Francois Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl.
When Mr Mitterrand and Mr Kohl joined hands there during the playing of the French national anthem in 1984, it underlined how close ties had become between two countries which were once enemies but are now often described as the twin motors of the European Union.
"To be invited to these commemorations shows the extent to which relations between France and Germany are good today," Ms Merkel said ahead of the ceremony.
Both leaders are expected to use the day of remembrance to stress the need for unity at a time when the EU is under pressure from a mass influx of migrants and a possible Brexit.
Mr Hollande said before the ceremony that it was a perfect time for the leaders to spell out their ambitions for Europe, at a time when the continent was in the grip of the "evil of populism".
That appeared to be a reference to Europe's far-right parties which have made advances in several countries, fuelled by growing concern over an unprecedented influx of migrants.
Over lunch, the two leaders will discuss the crisis caused by the hundreds of thousands of migrants and refugees seeking refuge in Europe and the June 23 referendum in Britain on whether or not to quit the EU.
They will then attend the main commemorative ceremony at the Douaumont ossuary, where the remains of 130,000 soldiers, French and German, lie underground.
It was here that Mr Mitterrand and Mr Kohl made their symbolic gesture to reaffirm Franco-German friendship.
"Mitterrand's gesture with Helmut Kohl, the hands that reached out and found each other, that's the symbol of reconciliation," Mr Hollande told French radio this week.
Sunday's ceremony at Douaumont will feature more than 3,000 French and German schoolchildren in a presentation choreographed by the German filmmaker Volker Schloendorff.
Church bells for miles around will ring out in memory of the soldiers who died on both sides.
The battle of Verdun lasted from February 1916 to December 1916 and was fought along the front line dividing the French and German armies.