PARIS • Millions of French voters were casting ballots to pick the presidential candidate for the centre-right Republicans party, with former premier Francois Fillon tipped to win and emerge as the favourite for next year's election.
The US-style primary contest, the first for the party, is a battle between the socially conservative and economically "radical" Fillon and the more moderate Alain Juppe, also a former prime minister who is nine years older at 71.
The French presidential vote is seen as a key test for mainstream political parties after the success of Mr Donald Trump in the United States and the Brexit campaign in Britain, both of which harnessed anti-elite, anti-establishment anger.
Polls opened at 8am yesterday (3pm Singapore time) and were set to close at 7pm, with all French voters who pay €2 (S$3) and state they share the values of the centre-right allowed to cast a ballot.
Whoever wins will face fierce competition from far-right National Front leader Marine Le Pen, who is waiting in the wings and ready to attack the victor as a symbol of France's ruling class.
Mr Fillon, a career politician and prime minister from 2007-2012, has warned that France is "on the verge of revolt" and believes his plan to slash 500,000 public-sector jobs and business regulations is the tonic the demoralised country needs.
"I'll do everything for entrepreneurs!" he declared at his final rally last Friday night in Paris, promising to help businesses create the jobs needed to lower France's stubbornly high unemployment rate of around 10 per cent.
The devout Catholic and motor racing fan, who lives in a chateau in the Loire valley, has also won support with his hard line on Muslim immigrants, as well as his emphasis on protecting France's identity, language and family values.
He demanded last Friday that "the Islamic religion accept what all the others have accepted in the past... that radicalism and provocation have no place here".
Mr Juppe, meanwhile, has made a pitch for the centre-ground, accusing his rival of wanting to reform France with "brutality" through an unrealistic programme that has drawn support from the far right.
As well as promising to shrink the French state, Mr Juppe's signature announcement was a promise to seek a "happy identity" for multicultural France despite worries about the threat of immigration and Islamist extremism.
"I am best placed with my programme to beat Marine Le Pen," Mr Juppe said on the last day of campaigning on Friday.
He has also sought to highlight Mr Fillon's conservative views on abortion and gay marriage, as well as his closeness to Russian President Vladimir Putin who praised Mr Fillon last week as a "very principled person".
But it was Mr Fillon who had all the momentum heading into yesterday's run-off vote.
He won the first round of the primary last Sunday with 44 per cent and has since picked up endorsements from party heavyweights, including former president Nicolas Sarkozy who was knocked out last weekend in perhaps a final blow to his political career.
Several surveys last week forecast Mr Fillon to emerge as the winner yesterday with around 60 per cent of the votes, but after a topsy-turvy year that has made fools of analysts and pollsters, no one should take his victory for granted.
As well as Ms Le Pen, the winner will face competition in next year's vote from a Socialist party candidate, probably President Francois Hollande who appears intent on trying to defy his historically low approval ratings.
After a troubled five years in power, a survey last Friday showed current Prime Minister Manuel Valls would be a far more popular candidate than Mr Hollande.
Current polls forecast that Ms Le Pen and the Republicans' candidate will make it through to the final run-off round of the election in May, with the latter set to win by drawing moderate voters from the right and left to block the far right.