NEW YORK/ABU DHABI (Reuters) - Mr Ben Bernanke earned more in 40 minutes on Tuesday than he made all of last year as head of the United States Federal Reserve.
Mr Bernanke was paid at least S$250,000 (S$317,130) for his first public speaking engagement, in Abu Dhabi, since stepping down in January, according to sources familiar with the matter. That compares with his 2013 paycheck of US$199,700, and the appearance was only the first of three around the world this week.
Mr Bernanke's public post-Fed debut was a departure from the private audiences that his predecessor Alan Greenspan addressed shortly after he handed over the central bank's reins in 2006.
In his remarks, Mr Bernanke recounted the Fed's response to the 2007-2009 financial crisis, an issue he is exploring for a book he plans to shop around to publishers.
In hitting the speaking circuit, Mr Bernanke is following a well-trod path of top public servants cashing in on the demand for the insights they can offer. In the case of a one-time Fed chairman, those insights could potentially be market-moving.
And given that his successor Janet Yellen has vowed to stay the course he set, investors could view him as a weather vane for the world's most powerful central bank.
"He will obviously be enjoying the fruits of the free market," said Ms Jan Baran, a partner and head of the election law and government ethics group at Washington law firm Wiley Rein LLP. "He will personally experience supply and demand."
Lawyers and agents say Bernanke, 60, should be able to command around US$250,000 per speech for a while to come.
The paycheck "sounds reasonable to me", said one speaking-circuit agent who did not want to be named. Mr Bernanke could have a "very long shelf life", he added.
While the fee launches him into the upper echelons of sought-after speakers, it leaves him well short of former US president Bill Clinton - the gold standard of Americans turning charisma into cash - who has, by some estimates, earned two or even three times that much for some appearances in recent years.
"He's free to offer his own views either historical or forward-looking," said Ms Baran, when asked about the ethics of Mr Bernanke cashing in on his eight years as Fed chairman. "Nothing sounds illegal or unethical and in fact it sounds fairly routine."
As Mr Bernanke joked on Tuesday: "I can say whatever I want."
Not always, as his predecessor learned.
Mr Greenspan drew criticism for giving high-paying investors a potential leg up on their competitors with closed-door remarks about interest rates shortly after he left office, and for comments in March 2007 on the probability of a US recession that roiled financial markets even as Mr Bernanke was reassuring investors about the outlook.
At the conference sponsored by the National Bank of Abu Dhabi, attendees paid US$2,000 each to listen to Mr Bernanke and other speakers, including former US Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers. Mr Greenspan garnered a similar fee in the United Arab Emirates capital in 2008.
Mr Bernanke, who is now a distinguished fellow at the Washington-based Brookings Institution think-tank, did not discuss monetary policy, and only brushed on prospects for the US economy. Instead, he choose to elaborate on his experience as chairman, acknowledging the Fed could have done more to battle the financial crisis.
Questions from the audience were relatively soft, leading to a discussion about family and baseball. On Wednesday, Mr Bernanke speaks at a Johannesburg forum hosted by the financial firm Discovery Limited, and on Friday he will discuss the US energy boom at a conference hosted by Siemens and IHS in Houston.
Through a Brookings spokesman, Mr Bernanke declined to comment on his speaking engagements.
Mr Greenspan took to the speaking circuit one week after departing office in January 2006 with an appearance at a private dinner hosted by Lehman Brothers. That brought in a reported US$250,000, while a private telechat with investors in Japan that same day brought in about US$120,000.
Mr Greenspan's take on that first day is equivalent to US$433,000 today after adjusting for inflation.
For his planned memoir, Mr Bernanke is being represented by Mr Robert Barnett, the Washington-based attorney who also handled Mr Greenspan, according to a source familiar with the situation.
Mr Bernanke plans to meet publishers soon to discuss the book.
While it is unclear how large of a cash advance Mr Bernanke is seeking, Mr Greenspan clinched US$8 million.
Former treasury secretary Timothy Geithner, who is also publishing a book, made US$400,000 from three speeches to financial firms, according to the Financial Times.
After handing the reins to Mr Greenspan in 1987, former chairman Paul Volcker also hit the speaking circuit after learning, he later recounted, that he could make a year's salary - about US$80,000 for the Fed chief at the time - in a speech or two.