Scientists given rare glimpse of 350kg colossal squid discovered in Antarctica

John Bennett, the skipper of the Sandford vessel that pulled up a colossal squid, watches the defrosting process at Te Papa labs in Wellington on Sept 16, 2014. Scientists said on Tuesday that a female colossal squid weighing an estimated 350kg
John Bennett, the skipper of the Sandford vessel that pulled up a colossal squid, watches the defrosting process at Te Papa labs in Wellington on Sept 16, 2014. Scientists said on Tuesday that a female colossal squid weighing an estimated 350kg and thought to be only the second intact specimen ever found was carrying eggs when discovered in the Antarctic. -- PHOTO: AFP

WELLINGTON (AFP) - Scientists said on Tuesday that a female colossal squid weighing an estimated 350kg and thought to be only the second intact specimen ever found was carrying eggs when discovered in the Antarctic.

The squid had been kept in optimum freezing conditions at the Te Papa Museum in Wellington ever since it was brought back to New Zealand from the seas off the frozen continent during the southern hemisphere's summer.

The colossal squid is thought to extend up to 4m to 5m from tip to tentacle and weigh up to 500kg. Its relation, the giant squid, can grow a lot longer but is much more spindly.

This specimen, like other octopus and squid species, has three hearts - one to pump blood around the body and two for its gills (lungs) - and is estimated to be about 3.5m in length. "This one had two perfect eyes," scientist Kat Bolstad from Auckland University of Technology who led the examination told AFP. "They have very large and very delicate eyes because they live in the deep sea. It's very rare to see an eye in good condition at all."

Measurements revealed the animal's eye was 35cm in diameter, and confirmed that the specimen was a female.

"We were excited to find that out... as it turns out this one is a female, and it has got some eggs," Ms Bolstad told reporters.

"This was by far the most perfect colossal squid that I have seen."

The only other time scientists anywhere have had the chance to examine an intact colossal squid was in 2008, also at Te Papa, the museum said. That specimen was also female.

Ms Bolstad said the latest specimen was so well preserved the scientists were able to examine it with an unusual level of detail, including the lens on the eyes.

"The fact that we have a specimen in good shape, but that we can get so much information from and still have in good shape, is a win-win," Ms Bolstad said.

The squid was found by a fishing vessel in Antarctica during the southern hemisphere's last summer, when the boat's captain, recognising what had come to the surface, carefully netted it and brought it on board.

The number of colossal squid in the ocean is unknown but Ms Bolstad said sperm whales in the Antarctic ate a lot of the animals.

After samples were taken from the squid examined on Tuesday, it would be preserved for further research and display, she added.