Mali scrambles to contain Ebola after new confirmed death of nurse

Quarantined patients are seen outside the locked down Pasteur Clinic in Bamako, Mali, on Nov 12, 2014. Mali scrambled on Nov 12 to contain an outbreak of Ebola as it confirmed the death of a nurse, its second fatal case but the first of the virus spr
Quarantined patients are seen outside the locked down Pasteur Clinic in Bamako, Mali, on Nov 12, 2014. Mali scrambled on Nov 12 to contain an outbreak of Ebola as it confirmed the death of a nurse, its second fatal case but the first of the virus spreading within the country's borders. -- PHOTO: REUTERS

BAMAKO (AFP) - Mali scrambled on Wednesday to contain an outbreak of Ebola as it confirmed the death of a nurse, its second fatal case but the first of the virus spreading within the country's borders.

Officials say the nurse died on Tuesday after treating a man who arrived from Guinea at a clinic in the capital Bamako. The patient was suffering from kidney failure and later died, medical sources said late Tuesday, and the authorities now believe he also had Ebola, although this has not been confirmed.

The Bamako clinic is now in quarantine.

The case - involving the first Ebola death of a Malian national in the country - has raised fears of further contamination as it was unrelated to Mali's only other confirmed fatality, that of a two-year-old girl.

Almost 5,000 people have been killed by Ebola in the west African outbreak according to official data from the World Health Organisation (WHO), which says the true scale of the epidemic could be much greater.

The virus kills around 70 per cent of its victims, often shutting down their organs and causing unstoppable bleeding.

The new case in Mali came a day after the WHO said it had released from isolation 25 of more than 100 people thought to have come into contact with country's first victim.

Two-year-old Fanta Conte died after returning from a trip to Guinea. The infection sparked panic as the toddler had travelled by bus and taxi with her grandmother, sister and uncle, making frequent stops on a trip of more than 1,200km.

They also spent two hours in Bamako, visiting relatives in a house of 25 people.

Morocco was stripped of hosting football's 2015 Africa Cup of Nations on Tuesday and flung out of the competition after insisting that it wanted to postpone the tournament due to fears over the virus.

Meanwhile, the virus is continuing to spread in Sierra Leone, where the WHO said cases were "still skyrocketing" in the west of the country, including the capital Freetown.

There was better news in Liberia when the government said new cases had dropped from a daily peak of more than 500 in September to around 50.

Ebola emerged in Guinea in December, spreading to neighbouring Liberia and then Sierra Leone, infecting at least 13,000 people.

Cases have been identified, though on a much smaller scale, in Nigeria, Senegal, Spain and the United States.

The last-known person in the US with Ebola, 33-year-old Dr Craig Spencer, has recovered and been released from hospital.

"New York City's first and only Ebola case is successfully treated. Dr Spencer is Ebola-free and New York City is Ebola-free," Mayor Bill de Blasio proclaimed at the hospital, to cheers and applause.

Dr Spencer said he was "healthy and no longer infectious".

"My early detection reporting and now recovery from Ebola, speaks to the effectiveness of the protocols that are in place for health staff returning from West Africa," he said.

The US has treated nine victims of the virus, which spreads through contact with infected bodily fluids.

A total of 289 people in New York continue to be monitored for possible Ebola symptoms, including Dr Spencer's fiancee and staff who helped treat the doctor.

The Gambia, which remains Ebola-free, announced on Tuesday it had reopened its land borders to travellers from Sierra Leone and the other Ebola-hit nations.