CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida (REUTERS) - A pair of Russian cosmonauts began their workweek on Monday floating outside the International Space Station to toss out a small satellite for a university in Peru, install science experiments and tackle some housekeeping chores.
First out of the hatch was cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev, who stood on ladder outside the station's Pirs airlock to release a 1kg, 10cm cube-shaped satellite built by students at the National University of Engineering in Lima, Peru.
Video broadcast on Nasa Television showed the satellite, called Chasqui-1, tumbling away from the back of the station as it sailed about 418km above the southern Pacific Ocean.
The solar-powered spacecraft, whose name means "messenger" in Incan, is outfitted with visible and infrared cameras to take pictures of Earth and sensors to measure temperature and pressure as it orbits.
Artemyev was then joined by spacewalker Alexander Skvortsov to install a European package of experiments to the outside of the Russian Zvezda module. The experiments include biomaterials and extremophiles, which are organisms that can live in extremely hostile environments.
Scientists hope to use information about how the organisms fare in the highly radioactive and extreme temperatures of space to devise life-detection techniques for future robotic Mars missions.
The cosmonauts also installed a reinforcing clamp for a communications antenna they attached during their last spacewalk in June.
Monday's to-do list includes taking samples of residue on the outside of some of Zvezda's windows and setting up an experiment to measure how plumes from rocket engine burns may be impacting parts of station.
Artemyev, Skvortsov and Nasa station commander Steve Swanson are five months into a planned six-month mission. Also aboard the complex are Nasa astronaut Reid Wiseman, European astronaut Alexander Gerst and Russian cosmonaut Maxim Suraev, who arrived on May 28.
The station, a US$100 billion (S$124 billion) research laboratory for materials and life science experiments, technology demonstrations and other microgravity research, is a partnership of 15 nations that has been occupied by rotating crews of astronauts and cosmonauts since November 2000.
The spacewalk, which began shortly after 1400 GMT (10pm Singapore time), is expected to last about six hours.
Watch it live at: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html#.U_I9-Pk0Wdl