157 dead in Turkey mine blast, hundreds more trapped

People mourn their relatives who died in the mine explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
People mourn their relatives who died in the mine explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
Miners wait at the gate of a mine after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
Miners wait at the gate of a mine after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
A miner came out helped by friends after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
A miner came out helped by friends after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
Miners assist an injured colleague after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
Miners assist an injured colleague after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
Miners wait at the gate of a mine after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
Miners wait at the gate of a mine after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
A miner is reunited with his father (right) after an explosion on May 13, 2014 in Manisa. -- PHOTO: AFP
A miner is reunited with his father (right) after an explosion on May 13, 2014 in Manisa. -- PHOTO: AFP
People gather around after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
People gather around after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
Miners assist an injured colleague after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
Miners assist an injured colleague after a mine explosion in Manisa, Turkey, on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: EPA
An injured miner is carried to an ambulance after being rescued from a mine where he was trapped in Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
An injured miner is carried to an ambulance after being rescued from a mine where he was trapped in Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
A rescued miner surrounded by relatives, medics and other miners cries after being rescued from a coal mine he was in trapped in Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
A rescued miner surrounded by relatives, medics and other miners cries after being rescued from a coal mine he was in trapped in Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
A general view of a coal mine where miners are trapped near Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
A general view of a coal mine where miners are trapped near Soma, a district in Turkey's western province of Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: REUTERS
An injured miner came out carried by rescuers after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP
An injured miner came out carried by rescuers after an explosion in Manisa on May 13, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP

SOMA, Turkey (AFP) - At least 157 miners have been killed and more than 200 remain trapped underground after an explosion and fire in a coal mine in the western Turkish province of Manisa on Tuesday, officials said.

“According to unofficial data, the death toll has reached 157 and 75 injured,” Manisa mayor Cengiz Ergun told CNN Turk television.Official disaster response unit AFAD earlier put the death toll at 17 and 11 injured.

Local media said there were 580 people trapped in the mine at the time of the explosion but some had escaped.

Rescue workers are trying desperately to reach the scores of trapped miners and have managed to evacuate around 50, a security source told AFP.

The source said there are pockets in the mine, one of which was open so rescuers were able to reach the workers, but the second was blocked with workers trapped inside.

An explosion at the mine was believed to have been triggered by a faulty electrical transformer at around 1230 GMT

Hundreds of people were gathered around the explosion site as rescuers brought out wounded workers, who were having difficulty breathing and coughing due to the dust.

Mrs Sena Isbiler, a mother of one of the miners, stood on top of piles of wood, craning her neck to see who was being led out of the mine.

“I have been waiting for my son since early afternoon,” she told AFP.

“I haven’t heard anything about him yet.” Fire officials were trying to pump clean air into the mine shaft for those who remain trapped some two kilometres below the surface and four kilometres from the entrance.

Late in the evening injured people were still emerging from the collapsed mine – some walking, others being carried by rescue workers while being given oxygen.

Nearby, security officers tried to keep ambulance routes clear to ensure aid could reach the victims.

The mining company Soma Komur issued a statement calling the mine collapse a “tragic accident”.

“Unfortunately, some of our workers have lost their lives in this tragic accident,” the statement said.

“The accident happened despite maximum safety measures and inspections, but we have been able to take prompt action,” it added.

Turkey’s ministry of labour and social security said the mine was last inspected on March 17 and was found to be compliant with safety regulations.

But Oktay Berrin, a miner, said workers were not protected underground.

“There is no security in this mine,” he told AFP. “The unions are just puppets and our management only cares about money.”

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s office said he would arrive in Soma on Wednesday after cancelling a trip to Albania.

Speaking in Ankara, the leader expressed his “heartfelt condolences” to the families of those who died.

“Some of the workers have been rescued and I hope we will be able to rescue the others,” Mr Erdogan said.

Energy Minister Taner Yildiz told journalists in Soma that a team of 400 people where involved in the rescue effort and that the main cause of the deaths was carbon monoxide and dioxide poisoning.

“Time isn’t working in our favour. We need to get them out. We could be in a troubled situation,” he said, adding rescuers would work through the night.

The miners are all thought to have gas masks, but it was not clear how long they would last.

Vedat Didari, a professor of mining, told AFP that the biggest risk is the loss of oxygen.

“If the ceiling fans are not working, the workers could die within an hour,” said Didari, from the Bulent Ecevit University in the city of Zonguldak.

Explosions and cave-ins are common in Turkey, particularly in private mines where safety regulations are often flouted.

The worst mining accident happened in 1992 when 263 workers were killed in a gas explosion in a mine in Zonguldak.

Soma is one of the key centres for lignite coal mining in Turkey, a district with a population of around 100,000 where the mines and a lignite-fired thermal power plant are the main economic activity.

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