Swimming: South Korean star Park Tae Hwan in doping shock

South Korean swimmer Park Tae Hwan after winning the 400m freestyle at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. The national icon is fighting to clear his name in a shock doping test failure. -- PHOTO: ST FILE
South Korean swimmer Park Tae Hwan after winning the 400m freestyle at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. The national icon is fighting to clear his name in a shock doping test failure. -- PHOTO: ST FILE

SEOUL (AFP) - South Korean Olympic swimming star and national icon Park Tae Hwan fought to clear his name on Tuesday as he reeled from the shock news that he failed a doping test.

The four-time Olympic medallist blamed an injection given by a hospital for the result, the second high-profile Asian swimming case in recent months after China's Sun Yang.

In a statement, Park's management agency Team GMP said the 25-year-old - dubbed "Marine Boy" and with an Asian Games pool bearing his name - was stunned by the news.

The agency said he was injected at a South Korean hospital while receiving chiropractic treatment before last year's Asiad in Incheon.

"At the time, the hospital offered to give Park an injection and he repeatedly asked if it contained any illegal substances," GMP said.

"The doctor said there would be no problem. And yet it turned out the injection contained a banned substance.

"He hasn't even taken cold medicine so that he wouldn't fail doping tests. Park is more shocked by this result than anyone else." Park's agency threatened the hospital with legal action over the case, which could end in a ban for the swimmer with the world championships approaching in Kazan, Russia, in July.

Park has struggled to repeat the form of the 2008 Olympics, when he won freestyle gold and silver, and he was unable to win a title at his home Asian Games in September.

"Park and Team GMP will actively explain these details to Fina and make every effort to avoid any unfavourable consequences," the agency added.

HOSPITAL QUERIED

Team GMP said Park passed doping controls during the Asian Games, contested at Incheon's Munhak Park Tae Hwan Aquatics Centre, but failed a recent World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) test.

"With our team of legal experts, we're trying to determine why the particular hospital injected Park with an illegal substance, and we're preparing to hold it civilly and criminally liable," the management agency said.

The revelation over Park comes after China belatedly revealed in November that double Olympic champion Sun served a three-month doping ban before the Asian Games.

The 1,500m world record-holder won three gold medals in Incheon after serving the previously unannounced ban. The failure was blamed on medicine for heart palpitations.

Fina executive director Cornel Marculescu declined to comment to AFP about Park, saying only that the world swimming body's anti-doping commission would meet in late February.

Park won 400m freestyle gold and 200m freestyle silver at the Beijing 2008 Olympics, becoming South Korea's first Olympic swimming medallist.

He also won silver in both events at the 2012 London Olympics, along with 400m gold in the world championships in 2007 and 2011.

But he had a disappointing time in the pool in front of an expectant home crowd at last year's Asian Games, managing only a silver and five bronze medals.

The news could puncture some of the euphoria in South Korea on Tuesday after it came to light as the national football team reached their first Asian Cup final in 27 years.