Main points of the doping report

Systematic doping in Russian sport

The independent commission set up by the World Anti-Doping Agency has recommended that Russia be banned from international athletics following details of systematic doping and a state-sanctioned cover-up.

London 2012 "sabotaged" by Russia

Delays by the IAAF and the Russian Athletics Federation meant a number of athletes competed at the London Olympics, despite abnormal blood biological passport results.

Moscow laboratory at heart of the programme

Grigory Rodchenkov, director of Russia's only Wada-accredited lab, was an "aider and abettor of doping activities" and accepted money to conceal positive test results.

The Russian sports ministry issued direct orders to "manipulate particular samples".

The report suggests that Wada revoke the accreditation of the lab, which it did a day later.

1,417 samples were destroyed

Dr Rodchenkov intentionally destroyed 1,417 samples just before a Wada audit team visited the lab - preventing follow-up analysis.

The report states that there was collusion between Dr Rodchenkov and the president of the Russian athletics federation to swop clean samples for known "dirty" ones.

Russian state consented to doping activities

The presence of Russian security services at laboratories in Moscow and Sochi - where the 2014 Winter Olympics were held - "actively imposed an atmosphere of intimidation on laboratory process and staff".

Coaches implicated

Dr Sergey Nikolaevich Portugalov, chief of the Araf medical commission, should be given a lifetime ban from sport.

So too the following coaches: Alexey Melnikov (head endurance coach), Vladimir Kazarin (800m), Vladimir Mokhnev (endurance coach for distances between 1,000m and 3,000m) and Viktor Chegin (race walking).

Five athletes should be banned for life

Ekaterina Poistogova (middle distance), Anastasiya Bazdyreva (400m and 800m), Mariya Savinova (800m), Kristina Ugarova (1,500m) and Tatjana Myazina (800m).

IAAF guilty of "laissez-faire" policy

The IAAF was guilty of a "laissez-faire" policy along with the Russian Anti-Doping Agency and Russian athletics federation before London 2012.

A chief compliance officer in matters of anti-doping should be appointed at the IAAF as well as an independent ombudsman, whom athletes can ask for advice and assistance.

THE GUARDIAN

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on November 11, 2015, with the headline 'Main points of the doping report'. Print Edition | Subscribe