The private health sector is again being urged to speed up digitising patients' health records and be part of a national scheme to share patient information with other doctors when needed.
Speaking at the National Health IT Summit, Health Minister Gan Kim Yong made it clear that the complete implementation of the National Electronic Health Records (NEHR) database is being held back by the private sector. "We need to go further and faster," said Mr Gan, pushing for the private and charity sectors to "come on board the NEHR".
The database, launched in 2011, allows healthcare professionals to quickly and easily access patients' medical history, from drug allergies to pre-existing conditions, and the outstanding medical appointments the patients have.
This sharing of information will let healthcare providers meet patients' demands more effectively, reduce duplicate testing and prevent adverse drug interactions. While it already has all the public sector patient data, NEHR lacks the bulk of patient information from the private sector.
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The charity sector can get financial help and, so far, more than $2 million has been given out to it over the past two years, Mr Gan added.
He wants to use IT to change the landscape of the healthcare sector by harnessing technology in innovative and effective ways - including using robots to provide home-based care.
"Disruption can sometimes be, and often is, painful. The management needs to change, the workforce will have to adapt to new ways of carrying out their jobs," said Mr Gan. "But if the disruptions have the potential to bring about meaningful benefits to patients and their families, and to our healthcare system, we must not be afraid to allow them to take place."
DON'T FEAR DISRUPTION
Disruption can sometimes be painful. The workforce will have to adapt to new ways of carrying out their jobs. But if the disruptions have the potential to bring about meaningful benefits to patients and their families, and to our healthcare system, we must not be afraid to allow them to take place.
HEALTH MINISTER GAN KIM YONG, on using IT to change the landscape of the healthcare sector.
NEED TO ACHIEVE MORE
We need to go further and faster.
MR GAN, urging private and charity sectors to digitise their records and come on board the NEHR database.
A key advantage of IT is the large amount of data available, allowing doctors to identify better or more cost- effective treatments. He gave the example of the National University Health System, which identified cost- effective clinical practices, reduced unnecessary variations and improved both cost and clinical outcomes.
In the case of total knee replacements, for instance, it was able to reduce the number of patients requiring blood transfusions from 26 per cent of cases to 3 per cent, resulting in savings of $955 per case with no drop in the quality of care.
Singapore embarked on its Health IT Master Plan (Hitmap) in 2014, and much has already been put in place. Other IT innovations already in use include automated pharmacy systems that pack medicines with fewer errors than if done by humans, and telerehab, where patients are monitored remotely.
Later this year, the Vital Signs Monitoring system will be launched to bring care beyond hospitals to the community and the home.
It will enable the remote monitoring of vital signs such as blood pressure, blood glucose or weight of patients with conditions such as hypertension, diabetes and heart or pulmonary diseases.
"Patients can in turn receive more timely advice and intervention to manage their conditions without having to schedule an appointment to visit the hospital," Mr Gan told the audience at the Singapore Expo.
He expects the system to "enable more regular monitoring, improve patient management and reduce hospital visits and readmissions".
Patients being cared for at home could have robots helping to look after them in future. Such robotic aid will start in hospitals, but could be extended to home care later, Mr Gan said.
The ministry is developing prototypes "of smart wards integrated with smart logistics for what we hope will be hospitals of the future", he said.
He added: "In line with the shift beyond hospitals to the community, we will also look into robotics-assisted home care."
Correction note: This story has been updated for clarity.