The Straits Times looks back at some of the highlights of the 13th IISS Asia Security Summit: The Shangri-La Dialogue which saw the most heated debates since it was started in 2002.
CHINA, stung by back-to-back criticisms from the United States and Japan at a major security forum here, lashed out at the two allies yesterday and accused them of ganging up to provoke the mainland.
BARBS and heated exchanges over territorial disputes and Japan's desire for a greater regional security role dominated this year's Shangri-La Dialogue.
PUSHED at a security forum to clarify China's nine-dash line claiming almost the whole of the South China Sea, a senior Chinese military official would only say how it came about but avoided spelling out the extent of the claim.
AMID simmering concerns about the United States' staying power in the region, former US defence secretary Bill Cohen turned the tables on delegates at the Shangri-La Dialogue and asked instead what role Asia would like to see the US play.
THAILAND, which is now ruled by a military government after a bloodless coup, is not retreating from democracy, a top Thai official said yesterday.
SINGAPORE (AFP) - British Defence Minister Philip Hammond said on Sunday that the crisis in Ukraine was a "useful reminder" that Russia remained a "challenge" to Europe as the continent eyes troubles elsewhere.
SINGAPORE (REUTERS) - Vietnam expects to take delivery of coastguard ships from Japan early next year, the country's vice defence minister said on Sunday, as Hanoi looks to boost its defences amid a territorial row with China in the South China Sea.
SINGAPORE - A Chinese general on Sunday slammed Japan and the United States for making provocative remarks against China at a regional security forum in Singapore.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's expressed intention to build closer security ties with Asean may displease China, but Beijing will not overly worry given its strong ties with the South-east Asian grouping.
The annual Shangri-La Dialogue, now in its 13th year, is mostly a cordial affair. Well, not this year.
Singapore welcomes Japan's desire to contribute to peace and security in the region, within the framework of its security pact with the United States, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said yesterday at a joint press conference with Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe.
Vietnam, locked in an ill-tempered spat with China over an oil rig deployed in disputed waters, will take Beijing to international court only as a "last resort", said Vietnamese Defence Minister General Phung Quang Thanh.
United States Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel yesterday sharply criticised China for "destabilising, unilateral actions" in asserting its territorial claims in the South China Sea and warned that Washington would not look the other way when fundamental principles of international order are being challenged.
UNITED States Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel came out forcefully this morning at the Shangri-La Dialogue to defend the Obama administration's "rebalance" strategy, insisting that its efforts to shift more attention and resources to the Asia Pacific is "a reality", not mere rhetoric.
BEIJING (AFP) - A Chinese military official on Saturday blasted the United States for making "threats" after the US defence chief accused Beijing of inflaming tensions in the disputed South China Sea, state television reported.
SINGAPORE (AFP) - The United States on Saturday backed Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's plans to reshape the role of Japan's little-used military, in the strongest comments of support yet from Tokyo's major ally on the move.
Singapore welcomes Japan's desire to contribute to peace and security in the region, within the framework of the US-Japan Security Alliance, said Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on Saturday.
SINGAPORE (AFP) - US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel on Saturday urged Thailand's coup leaders to release detainees and call for elections soon.
SINGAPORE - Vietnam is still trying to bilaterally resolve a worsening spat with China over the positioning of an oil rig in disputed waters of the South China Sea, its defence minister has said.
SINGAPORE - US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel on Saturday reiterated Washington's commitment to Asia as he warned against any provocations from an increasingly assertive China.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe yesterday outlined his vision for a more robust Japanese role in the region's peace and security, arguing at the opening of a top defence forum here that no country could secure peace on its own in a complex new environment.
Singapore's Ambassador-at-large Tommy Koh has appealed to Japan and China to forgo their long staked-out positions and take pragmatic steps to enable a festering territorial dispute to be settled.
SINGAPORE - Japan will take on a bigger international security role, vowed Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as he called for states to observe the rule of law in resolving territorial disputes.
SINGAPORE - China and Vietnam have to find a way out for themselves and there is no room for the United States in their maritime spat, a senior Chinese official said.
BEIJING (AFP) - China said Friday it would promote its own security theory at an Asian defence forum this weekend, setting the scene for a clash with neighbour and rival Japan.
ABOARD A US MILITARY AIRCRAFT (REUTERS) - The United States will not be deterred from plans to strengthen its military position in Asia by emerging threats elsewhere, the US defense secretary said on Thursday as he prepared to meet allies in the region worried by an increasingly assertive China.
ASIA'S security has declined since the last Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, where the focus of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung's opening speech was the strategic trust deficit in the region. Referring to the South China Sea, he warned how single irresponsible actions could lead to the interruption of trade flows, ultimately damaging the global economy. He quoted a Vietnamese saying: "If trust is lost, all is lost."
PRIME Minister Shinzo Abe is expected to use a speech at the Shangri-La Dialogue today to say that Japan is ready to bolster security cooperation with Asean together with its ally, the United States, a Japanese newspaper said.
TOKYO (AFP) - Mr Shinzo Abe will use a speech at an Asian defence forum this weekend to offer Japan as a counterweight to the growing might of China in a region increasingly riven by territorial disputes.
SINGAPORE/TOKYO (REUTERS) - Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's message of a bigger global security role for Japan when he speaks at a regional forum this week is likely to find a receptive audience as concerns grow in Asia about China - although some will refrain from clapping too loud for fear of offending Beijing.
JAPANESE Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will pay a two-day visit this week to Singapore, where he will deliver a major speech on the region's security outlook as well as his push to reinterpret Japan's pacifist Constitution.
BEIJING/HONG KONG - A major regional security conference is shaping up as a face-off between Asia's two biggest powers, as Japan sends its hawkish prime minister and China dispatches a feisty diplomat instead of the usual top brass to counter Tokyo's more assertive message.