Heng Swee Keat and Indranee Rajah

Aspire to break through limiting beliefs

Students, such as these polytechnic students heading to class, should not seek qualifications as a paper chase, says Minister Heng Swee Keat, but rather as a quest for skills. He said the belief that qualifications are all that matter is limiting bec
Students, such as these polytechnic students heading to class, should not seek qualifications as a paper chase, says Minister Heng Swee Keat, but rather as a quest for skills. He said the belief that qualifications are all that matter is limiting because there is a variety of jobs requiring people to learn in different ways and all their lives.ST FILE PHOTO

Parliament yesterday endorsed the recommendations of the Applied Study in Polytechnics and ITE Review (Aspire) committee to make skills training and applied learning a way of life. We reproduce excerpts of speeches from Education Minister Heng Swee Keat, who spoke about the need for three breakthroughs in thinking; and from Senior Minister of State for Education Indranee Rajah's speech on Monday, where she explained what the report means by deepening skills.

We are not fixing a broken system. In fact, the polytechnic and ITE education in Singapore is first-rate. It has allowed many Singaporeans to make good progress, it is widely admired around the world.

Aspire represents the forward-thinking and planning in our policymaking and it represents the way that we respond to the aspirations of Singaporeans.

Our beliefs can shape our choices. Our beliefs can either limit or expand opportunities. My remarks will address three beliefs about qualifications that limit our potential, how Aspire breaks through these limiting beliefs.

Limiting beliefs

The first limiting belief is that qualifications are all that matter to get a good job, to get a good life. This is limiting because the highest qualifications will do a person no good if there are no jobs available in the first place.

In many parts of Europe, even nearer home Taiwan and other examples, we see highly educated people without a job because the economy does not create jobs for them for structural or cyclical reasons. It is very painful.

The belief that qualifications are all that matter is also limiting because there's a variety of jobs requiring us to learn in different ways and all our life.

Some jobs require degrees; some jobs don't. Some, like a heart surgeon, for instance, requires deep skills that take years of post-graduate specialised training. And there are some jobs, like those of a master craftsman or master chef, that also require deep skills but which can be better acquired on the job.

Qualifications are a proxy measure for some competencies, some attributes but cannot represent the full package of attributes each of us brings to the table.

A second limiting belief is the opposite extreme - that qualifications don't matter at all.

Some members of the public are asking: is the Government now saying that qualifications don't matter? Then why are we urging people to learn and upgrade?

So let me be clear. Aspire is not about dissuading Singaporeans from upgrading ourselves, or pursuing degrees or pursuing any form of qualification. Aspire is about creating opportunities for all, not creating more competition for some. Aspire is about keeping pathways open for all, not blocking pathways for some.

Qualifications matter but they must be the right qualifications and of the right standard for what we want to do.

So, for example, we want our doctor, our nurse, our pharmacist, our physiotherapist to each have the right qualifications for the job they do. We want the engineers who certify our buildings are safe, to be really well-trained, well-qualified to do the job. We want our architect similarly to be well-qualified for the job. The right qualification signifies that you have the right skills, the right combination of knowledge, application and experience.

But not all qualifications matter. Not if they do not help us build the right skills for what we want to do. And this can happen when we seek qualifications as a paper chase, rather than as a quest for skills.

Recently, a young resident came to see me for advice. She shared that after she got her diploma, she went directly to do a private degree programme because she thought that she could get a better job and earn a better pay. But after spending tens of thousands of dollars on the programme, she got a job that paid her at a fresh diploma holder level - about $2,000. Because the company did not find her degree skills relevant.

She lost three years of salary had she gone on to work. So opportunity cost of over $70,000 plus the cost of doing this programme. What's worse, she realised after all this that this line of work does not suit her strengths and interest. She was so caught up in chasing the piece of paper and lost the chance to discover what she really cared about.

This story moved me because her family is not well-off, it's such a huge cost to them.

I feel strongly that we must provide better career and education guidance to our young people. And our captains of industry must come out and explain what they are looking for.

A third limiting belief is that if others are better qualified, I would lose out.

Now, is it true that if poly and ITE students learn better, the value of degrees would go down?

Again, this is very limiting. The opposite is true - when our friends and colleagues can do a better job, we all benefit.

Just think about this. What does it take to make a visitor to Singapore have a great experience?

From the pilot to the cabin crew, to the moment he lands at the airport, the way that our counter staff deal with it, to our taxi driver, to the baggage handler, to the frontline staff at the hotels, in the restaurants, in the places of interest, everyone will have some role to play in making it a great experience.

And not to mention the architects and the engineers who design all these attractions. Not to mention the technicians and the cleaners who maintain these facilities. The more that each of us can do our part, the more that each of us is highly skilled and can do a great job, the more we create the right conditions for everyone to thrive.

This is the Singapore Story. We enjoy a better standard of living because we work as a team, and we earn other's respect and we earn a premium for being team players cheering one another on, for helping one another do better.

Breakthroughs

The Aspire report encourages us to break through these limiting beliefs, to think anew about qualifications, jobs and opportunities:

Breakthrough No. 1 is to go beyond qualifications to the pursuit of excellence, by recognising that attitude, deep skills, knowledge and experience matter if we want to perform and excel.

The second breakthrough is to go beyond the classroom to recognise the value of applied learning and lifelong learning - and make the workplace a great learning place.

The third breakthrough is to go beyond narrow definitions of success to recognise that everyone excels at different things, in different ways, and that we can all excel if we apply our minds, hands and hearts to what we do.

Does this mean that degrees no longer matter? None of these breakthroughs devalues some qualifications over others. None of these breakthroughs limits opportunities for one group of people over another. It is not about one kind of qualification versus another; one group versus another.

Can we put these breakthrough ideas into practice?

The answer is Yes...

I addressed three limiting beliefs that hold us back from realising our full potential. I talked about three important breakthroughs that Aspire makes. And I shared the three areas of action for us to break through our limiting beliefs: We must learn at every stage, learn in every way, respect everyone.

These are not ideals. These are imperatives.

We must not limit ourselves to some places, sometimes, some people over others. We must break through into every stage, every way, everyone. The Government will work hard on "learn at every stage, and learn in every way", together with employers, schools and families.

The most important part of all is respect everyone. Because at the heart of the matter, it is not just about qualifications, not just about jobs, not just about economic growth.

All of this is to create the conditions for Singaporeans to pursue lives of meaning, achievements and joy. Everyone of us, regardless of our starting points.