A newspaper in the dock on Press Freedom Day

The police came in the early hours. Everyone was asleep. It was twilight.

Journalists' homes were raided in the early hours of Oct 31. The editor-in-chief of the newspaper lived in one. The chief executive officer in another. Columnists in four, lawyers in three, the reporter, the ombudsman, the books section editor, the cartoonist, the accountant.

All were senior figures at the Cumhuriyet, Turkey's oldest and most prestigious newspaper. Trying to reassure their terrified, bleary-eyed children, they were forced to watch as their homes and archives were turned inside out and computers were impounded. They were taken to the main police station first, then to the hospital for a medical, and finally to the biggest prison in the country. Placed in solitary cells, with no idea what their crime was.

As it turned out, they had to wait for 151 days before they could learn. The indictments were announced on the 151st day: Aiding and abetting armed terrorist organisations. Which organisations, I hear you ask?

The very same Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK that the government had shared a peace table with three years previously, and the Gulenists that the government had jointly been ruling the country with for a decade.

Funnily enough, the risks posed by the Gulen movement had been flagged by these journalists now accused of being Gulenists.

And the evidence, I hear you ask?

The editorial team of Turkey's oldest newspaper the Cumhuriyet including its Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul (below, right, with former main opposition MP Enis Berberoglu) is scheduled to face a judge today. They will be defending not only themselves,
The editorial team of Turkey's oldest newspaper the Cumhuriyet including its Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul is scheduled to face a judge today. They will be defending not only themselves, but also the free press. PHOTOS: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

The reports, interviews, headlines, tweets and columns critical of the government. In other words, they would be tried on charges of journalism.

I, as the former editor-in-chief, was the No. 1 defendant. And I was charged with altering the newspaper's editorial policy. My first reaction was to exclaim: "So what?" Since when did prosecutors determine editorial policy for newspapers, anyway?

The editorial team of Turkey's oldest newspaper the Cumhuriyet including its Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul (below, right, with former main opposition MP Enis Berberoglu) is scheduled to face a judge today. They will be defending not only themselves,
The editorial team of Turkey’s oldest newspaper the Cumhuriyet including its Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul (above, right, with former main opposition MP Enis Berberoglu) is scheduled to face a judge today. They will be defending not only themselves, but also the free press.

The answer is obvious: Since President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's seizure of the media in his drive for absolute power.

Last year, Mr Erdogan embarked on a sweeping crackdown, accusing his former partner Fethullah Gulen of masterminding the July 15 coup attempt. This was a "God sent" opportunity to get rid of his opponents once and for all even as he purged the civil service of the Gulenists he had personally installed. Having secured absolute power with a declaration of a state of emergency on July 20, he then constitutionalised this de facto regime through a referendum held under "civil" martial law conditions - an amendment rejected by half the nation, all the restrictions and controversial Electoral Commission practices notwithstanding.

Turkey had fended off the coup attempt, but fell victim to a counter coup of Mr Erdogan's. Not a military rule, but a police state.

In the wake of the coup attempt, the number of journalists in prison quadrupled from 30; as the Cumhuriyet contingent joined the 120, Turkey became "the world's biggest prison for journalists".

The Constitutional Amendment elevated Mr Erdogan to the position of one man; one man to rule the government, the Parliament and the judiciary, in charge of the mechanism that appoints judges and prosecutors.

Not unsurprisingly, every journalist's appeal for release was rejected. With a few exceptions, there was hardly any media left to criticise this turn of events: One jailed journalist is a hostage that silences several others outside. This was the method used to silence the Cumhuriyet, one of the last bastions of the free press.

Even the tea boy who runs the cafeteria was arrested; his crime being a gripe - "I wouldn't serve Erdogan tea if he came here!" - overheard by the police constable on duty at the paper, who informed his superiors. Lo and behold, the next morning our tea boy was taken into custody on a charge of "insulting the President".

The Cumhuriyet is scheduled to appear in court today . The entire editorial team of the newspaper is scheduled to face a judge for the first time after 267 days. They will be defending not only themselves, but also the free press, as well as a democracy that is fighting for its life in the hands of a despot.

If this is a coincidence, it certainly is an ironic one: July 24 is the anniversary of the lifting of censorship in Turkey, commemorated since 1908 as Press Freedom Day. This year, we commemorate Press Freedom Day as "Struggle for Press Freedom Day" in prisons, courtrooms and exile.

All our colleagues are invited.

•Can Dundar is the 2017 laureate of the Golden Pen of Freedom, the annual award of the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). Awarded since 1961, the Golden Pen recognises outstanding action, in writing or deed, of an individual, a group or an institution in the cause of press freedom.

•The Straits Times is a member of WAN-IFRA.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on July 24, 2017, with the headline 'A newspaper in the dock on Press Freedom Day'. Print Edition | Subscribe