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Ukraine rebels present captured military observers to media

Published on Apr 27, 2014 8:01 PM
Eight detained OSCE observers take part in a press conference of the pro-Russian separatist leader and self-proclaimed "people's mayor" of the eastern Ukrainian city of Slavyansk, Vyacheslav Ponomaryov (4thR) in Slavyansk on April 27, 2014. -- PHOTO: AFP

SLAVYANSK (AFP) - Pro-Russian Ukrainian rebels holding captive an international team of military observers from the Osce (Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) said on Sunday they are "prisoners of war" and brought them before the media in a news conference.

The group of eight men, all Europeans, were part of a 12-member Osce military verification team deployed in east Ukraine. The other four members are Ukrainian military officers who were not brought before the press.

Speaking through one of their number, a German officer, the Europeans asserted their diplomatic status to the scores of local and foreign journalists assembled in the town of Slavyansk.

With armed rebels watching over them as they spoke, the group said they were in good health.

They said they had been "captured" by the insurgents on Friday, around 4km outside Slavyansk as they had been about to return to the regional hub city of Donetsk.

"We are Osce officers with diplomatic status," their German spokesman said.

"I cannot go home of my free will."

The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe said it had sent a negotiating team to Slavyansk to try to arrange the entire team's release.

Earlier, the local rebel leader in the town, Vyacheslav Ponomaryov, said the Osce observers were considered "prisoners of war".

"In our town, where a war situation is going on, any military personnel who don't have our permission are considered prisoners of war."

He added that the group's driver, who had been seized with them on Friday, had been released.

He repeated in the interview that the men would only be freed in exchange for Kiev's authorities releasing arrested pro-Moscow militants.

And he stressed that the rebels did not consider the detained men part of the main Osce monitoring mission deployed in Ukraine.

The Osce headquarters in Vienna has said the military verification mission is a separate unit from the main mission, and was under German command.

"I can't say that they aren't taking sides in events here, because the United States and Nato are delivering weapons and sending (military) trainers" to Kiev, and foreign private security firms were active, Ponomaryov claimed.

Ponomaryov, who was wearing a pistol in a holster and was escorted by two armed bodyguards, claimed in the interview that the Osce observers "are not our hostages - they are our guests".

The rebel leader said all the detainees "are doing well".

Asked about Russia's promise to do everything it could to convince the pro-Kremlin rebels in Slavyansk to release the Osce military observers, Ponomaryov said: "I have no direct contact with Moscow."

Ponomaryov also said that rebels had separately "arrested" three Ukrainian officers - a colonel, a major and a captain - he said had been sent towards Slavyansk on a spying mission.

"There were a total of seven in their group and we arrested three of them. We will swiftly get the four others," he said.

The three captured officers were being kept in Slavyansk.

Ukraine's SBU security service confirmed the three officers had been seized.

The rebel mayor said there would be no contact with Kiev over the imprisoned Ukrainians because the pro-Kremlin insurgents see the capital's Western-backed government as illegitimate.

"There will be no contact with Kiev, only through the intermediary of the Osce," he said. Ukraine's authorities, he said, "understand only the language of force".

Slavyansk has become the epicentre of the military standoff in eastern Ukraine where pro-Russian militants are defying Western pressure to exit occupied buildings.

The Ukrainian army has set up a siege operation around the town of 110,000 people to prevent reinforcements reaching the rebels but has stressed it will take a measured response in its military operations in a bid to avoid civilian casualties.