Singapore may have the impressive Gardens by the Bay and a Unesco World Heritage Site in the Botanic Gardens.
But some of the finest gardens in the Garden City blossom right next to residences, where people study and worship.
These gardens were uncovered last month at the biennial Community In Bloom (CIB) Awards, started by the National Parks Board to encourage a gardening culture here.
The top prize, the Diamond award, went to 14 gardens in places such as public housing estates, schools, a condominium estate and a mosque.
The award came with a cash prize of $1,000, gardening equipment and tickets to the Singapore Garden Festival 2016, which takes place from July 23 to 31 at Gardens by the Bay.
This year, 436 gardens took part in the competition, up from 343 gardens in 2014. They competed in four categories: public housing estates, private housing estates, educational institutions and organisations.
The gardens were judged in three areas - community involvement, garden quality, and environment quality and biodiversity.
They were then awarded different achievement bands - bronze, silver, gold and platinum. To win the Diamond award, first introduced in 2014, the gardens must achieve three consecutive platinum bandings in past editions of the awards.
The Diamond awards and achievement bandings will be presented during the Singapore Garden Festival on July 31.
The Straits Times visits six of the Diamond award-winning gardens.
ZHONGHUA PRIMARY SCHOOL
Category: Educational institutions
There were different kinds of plants growing in the school garden, but because they were scattered all around, it was tough for the pupils at Zhonghua Primary School to study them in an organised fashion.
So at the end of last year, Madam Tan Lay Peng, 40, a teacher in charge of the school's environmental education - with help from a group of teachers and support staff - decided to overhaul the garden, which acts as an outdoor learning classroom for the pupils.
The school in Serangoon Avenue 4 spent $10,000 to revamp the garden, reorganising the plants in demarcated zones.
It had help from nature consultant Andrew Tay of Cicada Tree Eco-place, a non-government, non-profit organisation that promotes Singapore's natural and cultural heritage through environmental education and eco-living.
In the garden, which is slightly bigger than an Olympic-size swimming pool, there are herbs such as lemongrass, flowering plants and aquatic ones such as water hyacinth and duckweed.
New plants such as cacti and aloe veras were added and modifications were made to the pond.
A shallow drain was specially designed for the pond so that it holds less water and yet allows pupils to observe completely submerged plants and how the organisms in the water interact.
Madam Tan says: "The garden is a teaching tool. Our teachers can conduct different activities to inculcate in pupils the love of nature and increase their botany knowledge."
AYER RAJAH ZONE 1 RESIDENTS' COMMITTEE
Category: Public housing estates
Ayer Rajah residents keep the kampung spirit alive through gardening.
In 2001, Ms Lily Lek Siew Luan, chairman of the Ayer Rajah Zone 1 Residents' Committee, approached the town council for a plot of land to build a garden. The 65-year-old says: "Many senior residents here have nothing to do after they retire. So I opened this garden for them to work on during their free time."
Ms Lek, who received a Public Service Medal last year, adds that residents who want to work in the 475 sq m garden have to pay $1 every month to buy gardening essentials such as soil and fertilisers. There are 35 members - the youngest is aged 55 and the oldest, 78.
She says: "I used to live in a kampung when I was young, as did many of the elderly residents here, so putting this garden together is our way of reminiscing about our past.
"We love being able to grow our own fruit and vegetables, walking in the garden in our bare feet and being involved in the harvesting process. It's laborious, but we feel satisfied when we see our harvests."
Residents who are not members of the garden are welcome to share the harvests. Ms Lek says: "Whenever a resident needs something, such as herbs, we are happy to give it to him."
WOODLANDS COMMUNITY CLUB
Over five years, Ms Doris Yuen, 57, spent $400 to $500 on air plants, which she then donated to the Woodlands Community Club for its garden in 2011.
So when the plants were stolen two years later, the chairman of the senior citizens' executive committee at the club was naturally upset.
"I tried to comfort myself by saying that maybe the people who took the plants loved them more than I did," she says.
The garden, created in November 2009, has since blossomed and is now home to plants such as Japanese roses, Indian shot, passionfruit, lovegrass and two lychee trees.
Recipes are written on the tags with the plant names.
Residents who take herbs from the garden for their own use usually replace them with their own seeds.
The garden, which Ms Yuen says is about 5m by 6m, is tended by residents in the area who are aged 57 to 85.
Late last year, the same residents also spent two weeks - working from 7am to 5pm daily - painting murals on the walls near the garden.
When the 30 sq m garden was built in 2010, many members of the Al-Mukminin Mosque in Jurong East Street 21 offered to donate their own plants.
Their generosity, however, put mosque manager Mohd Fairus Abd Manaf, 37, in a spot.
He explains that everyone was giving recommendations on what plants should be included in the $5,000 garden, but he had to make his decisions based on what suited the look of the garden.
Now, the plot has various plants such as aloe vera, bougainvillaea, orchids and five fruit trees.
The tranquil garden not only attracts many members to take a rest there, but it is also a popular photography spot for couples during their marriage solemnisation.
When the mosque receives visitors from schools, the students are also often at the garden snapping pictures.
Mr Mohd Fairus says: "The garden is a good place for people to relax and also a space for the children to learn."
SEMBAWANG ZONE E RESIDENTS' COMMITTEE
Category: Public housing estates
Rain or shine, Mr Oh Kee Swee tends the Sembawang Zone E Residents' Committee (RC) Park every day.
The 1ha garden is a few minutes' walk from his HDB block.
The 62-year-old says in Mandarin: "The only time you don't see me in the garden is when I'm sick."
Mr Oh, a member of the Sembawang Zone E RC, has been chief gardener there since the garden was built in 2005.
Besides plants such as orchids and cacti, the garden also grows fruit such as watermelon and jackfruit and vegetables such as Chinese cabbage and broccoli.
It is also home to animals such as turtles, parrots and rabbits.
Mr Oh is especially proud that recycling is practised in the garden. He encourages gardeners to bring items such as cans and plastic bottles to be reused as vases.
The little "nature park", as he calls it, has attracted students from schools such as Admiralty Primary School and Hwa Chong Institution to learn from the resident gardeners.
He says: "I'm happy to help nurture the next generation of green thumbs. It's a good experience for both the students and teachers, who do not acquire such skills in classrooms."
He adds that vegetables and fruits grown in the garden are often sold and the proceeds go to nursing homes and needy residents in the area.
"This garden helps foster a good community spirit among the residents," he says.
"It's a very lively environment when everyone gets together to grow his plants and shares them with others."
LAGUNA PARK RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION
Category: Private housing estates
At the garden in Laguna Park, one will find children as young as two and seniors as old as 74 getting their hands dirty.
The 180 sq m garden - where residents are free to grow their own fruit, vegetables and herbs - has been maintained by the residents there since 2003.
They also gather almost every Sunday to share the fruits of their labourover tea. The harvests include lady's fingers, longans, papayas, bananas and herbs used for curry dishes.
Mr Hilari Alvin de Rozario, chairman of the Laguna Park Residents Association, says: "Occasionally, we have people coming in to pull our plants or take our harvests.
"But when we spot them, we try to educate and encourage them to come to our garden and learn gardening from us."
The residents face challenges from Mother Nature too.
Mr de Rozario, 66, says: "Sometimes, our garden gets affected by strong winds. The younger plants are destroyed and the soil dries up easily.
"What keeps us going is our dedication to make this a garden that every resident here is proud of.
"We hope to achieve community bonding and shared experiences through this garden."