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Longer episodes not a good thing

Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt's second season stars (from far left) Jane Krakowski, Tituss Burgess and Ellie Kemper.
Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt's second season stars (from far left) Jane Krakowski, Tituss Burgess and Ellie Kemper.PHOTO: NETFLIX

NEW YORK • It may have been Tiny House Nation that finally broke me. Last month, this offbeat real estate show on the FYI network began its third season of cramming home owners into trailers, bungalows and other mini abodes.

The homes are little. The season premiere was not. The running time was nearly 65 minutes uninterrupted - a full hour and a half with advertisements.

There has been a lot of talk in the business about "Too Much TV" - the surfeit of hundreds of original scripted series every year. But there is a corollary issue: Too-Big TV.

Even as viewers' time becomes more precious, individual episodes are bloating. Television has come down with a case of gigantism.

HBO's music-industry drama Vinyl began with a two-hour pilot that vamped on like the coda to Freebird. The series premiere of FX's drama Fargo ran around 97 minutes with commercials. Fargo, the 1996 Coen brothers movie it was based on, ran 98. Episodes of Netflix's romantic comedy Love ambled up to 40 minutes.

As a critic, I am used to championing greater options for artists. We are lucky to live in a time when TV creators have freedom from arbitrary constraints. But more and more of my TV watching these days involves starting an episode, looking at the number of minutes on the playback bar and silently cursing.

Historically, network television was like a container ship - the product had to fit standard boxes for ease of shipping. Networks needed predictable schedules and had to turn over specific time slots to affiliates.

It was a process - 15-minute episodes were a presence in the early days of television - but 30 minutes generally came to mean comedy and 60, drama. Episodes used to be longer, in that commercial breaks were shorter, but the journey from beginning to end stayed the same.

Today's great fattening, like so many trends in TV now, is in part the influence of streaming TV. The only thing limiting the length of a Netflix or Amazon binge show is your ability to sit without cramping. The menu is bigger and so are the portions.

Meanwhile, basic cable channels realised that there was no reason their "hour-long" series needed to end on the hour. If they pushed a 10pm drama's end to, say, at 11.17pm, they could give their creators the kind of narrative real estate available on ad-free HBO and Showtime.

The most dramatic early claimer of elbow room was FX's biker-gang drama, Sons Of Anarchy, which piled on plot and ended its plus-size episodes with music montages. Now, it is common for cable hits to plump up. The most recent season finale of The Walking Dead ran 90 minutes, though I have rarely seen an episode of The Walking Dead that needed its full 60. Like its zombies, it could be hacked down by a third and shamble along just as well.

At best, extended episodes can make room for complexity. But focus and showmanship still matter. In a peak-TV era, being able to hook an audience is more important, not less.

The best examples of Big TV make the most of each moment, instead of padding them out. Take, for instance, Louis C.K.'s bar-room drama Horace And Pete, whose first episode ran almost 68 minutes and played like live theatre. Its third episode - essentially a long dramatic monologue about infidelity by Laurie Metcalf - is 43 minutes of regret and catharsis, the camera holding tight to Metcalf's face. I did not look at my watch once.

AMC's Better Call Saul, a more conventional drama, regularly overstays its one-hour slot by a few minutes. But it uses its time mindfully, to suspend tension and let character moments play out.

There is a certain be-careful- what-you-wish-for aspect to longer episodes, even with great shows. When the sixth season of the sitcom Community moved to Yahoo from NBC, it was finally free of time-slot constraints - and something was off. The pacing was sluggish; the jokes were less crystalline.

Those time constraints and network scissors, much as writers love to bash them, can be the Marie Kondo method of comedy. The first season of Netflix's Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt was originally made for NBC and, like its spiritual forebear 30 Rock, it was packed like a diamond. The second season, made for streaming, is still funny, but you can feel the drag in some of its 30-minutes-plus episodes.

TV was raised with rules, the product of technology and business models. It is shedding those strictures as it grows up, which is good - that has given viewers anarchic comedies such as Broad City and low-and-slow dramas such as Rectify. But freedom also proves the values of the discipline you learn under restrictions. I appreciate ambitious storytelling. But I also appreciate getting a full night's sleep.

NEW YORK TIMES

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on April 27, 2016, with the headline 'Longer episodes not a good thing'. Print Edition | Subscribe