NEW YORK (REUTERS) - United States (US) stocks rebounded on Tuesday, buoyed by encouraging earnings, as the market attempted to steady in the wake of its largest sell-off in months a day earlier.
The Standard & Poor's 500 fell nearly 3 per cent over the previous two sessions, including Monday's slide, which was the worst drop for the benchmark index since June. The sell-offs were triggered by weaker-than-expected US data, as well as concerns over growth in China and the outlook for some emerging economies.
The drop proved enticing for investors looking for bargains as emerging market concerns retreated and their currencies moved off recent lows. The S&P's consumer discretionary and financial stocks were among the best-performing sector indexes.
Investors have focused on macroeconomic data in the wake of a rout in emerging market currencies, which triggered rate hikes by some central banks. That pressured stocks and bonds and forced investors to favor assets perceived as relatively safe, like the yen, US Treasuries and German government debt.
"Everything that was sort of getting beaten up is bouncing. It will be interesting to see what happens if the currencies trade back down and what our market thinks of that," said Mr Stephen Massocca, managing director at Wedbush Equity Management LLC in San Francisco.
"There might be some more wood to chop here, I'm not one hundred per cent sold on this."
The price of protection against further declines in the S&P 500 slid 10.9 per cent after jumping on Monday to its highest level in 13 months. The CBOE Volatility Index, known as Wall Street's fear barometer, closed on Tuesday at 19.11.
Data on Tuesday showed new orders for US factory goods fell in December, but rose for a third straight month when the volatile transportation sector was excluded.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 72.44 points or 0.47 per cent, to end at 15,445.24. The S&P 500 gained 13.31 points or 0.76 per cent, to finish at 1,755.20. The Nasdaq Composite added 34.562 points or 0.86 per cent, to close at 4,031.52.
Of the 277 companies in the S&P 500 that have reported earnings so far this season, 69.3 per cent have beaten analysts'profit expectations, while 65.2 per cent have exceeded revenue expectations, according to the latest data from Thomson Reuters.
Pfizer was among the S&P 500's leaders with a 2.8 per cent gain to US$31.44 after Jefferies upgraded the largest US drugmaker's stock to a "buy" from a "hold" rating.
Michael Kors Holdings Ltd reported a 77 per cent jump in third-quarter profit as shoppers snapped up its handbags and accessories, pushing the company's shares up 17.3 per cent to US$89.91.
Bank shares were underpinned by US-traded shares of UBS and Itaú Unibanco, which rallied. Itaú, Brazil's largest private-sector lender, reported record fourth-quarter profit that beat analysts' estimates.
UBS swung to a larger-than-expected fourth-quarter profit and announced higher dividends and bonuses.
Itaú ADRs shot up 7.6 per cent to US$12.96. UBS added 5.9 per cent to US$20.36.
J.C. Penney Co Inc shares dropped 10.6 per cent to US$5.08, reversing a steep gain in pre-market trading. The US department store chain reported a modest rise in quarterly comparable sales, but gave no details on its gross profit margin, leading analysts to conclude it had to resort to bigger discounts during the holiday season. JPMorgan and Sterne Agee cut the target price of the stock - JPMorgan to US$5 from US$6 and Sterne Agee to US$3 from US$9.
Shares of Yum Brands Inc rose 8.9 per cent to US$72.06 after the KFC parent reaffirmed its 2014 profit outlook and said a resurgent bird flu in China had not hurt national sales in its top market.
Furiex Pharmaceuticals shares more than doubled in price. The drugmaker said an experimental drug met the main goal of a pair of large clinical trials by significantly alleviating diarrhea and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome. Shares soared 129.9 per cent to end at US$105.69.
Volume was active, with about 7.41 billion shares traded on US exchanges, above the 6.94 billion average in January, according to data from BATS Global Markets.
Advancing stocks outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a ratio of 2 to 1. On the Nasdaq, nearly two stocks rose for every one that fell.