US weekly jobless claims fall, point to better labour market

WASHINGTON (REUTERS) - The number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell last week, pointing to steadily improving labour market conditions, despite two straight months of weak hiring.

Other data on Thursday showed relentlessly cold weather putting a strain on household budgets, with electricity and heating fuel prices surging in January. However, inflation pressures remained muted.

Initial claims for state unemployment benefits declined 3,000 to a seasonally adjusted 336,000, the Labor Department said. That was mostly in line with economists' expectations.

The claims data covered the survey week for February's nonfarm payrolls report. Snow storms slammed parts of the country last week, which could have kept some workers at home.

Bitterly cold weather was blamed for a sharp slowdown in hiring in December and January's marginal bounce back. Claims have been tucked in a 325,000-348,000 range this year suggesting no fundamental shift in labour market conditions.

In a second report, the department said strong gains in the price of household energy had accounted for most of the 0.1 per cent rise in its Consumer Price Index in January.

The CPI had advanced 0.2 per cent in December and last month's rise was in line with economists' expectations.

In January, electricity prices rose 1.8 per cent, the largest gain since March 2010. Natural gas prices surged 3.6 per cent.

That was the largest rise since April. The cost of heating oil jumped 3.7 per cent, the biggest increase since September 2012.

The increases, which offset a 1.0 per cent fall in the price of gasoline, a putting a strain household finances as incomes barely grow.

In a third report, the department said weekly average earnings adjusted for inflation rose 0.1 per cent in January after sliding 0.5 per cent in December.

US financial markets were little moved by the data.

Consumer prices advanced 1.6 per cent in the 12 months to January, after increasing 1.5 per cent in December.

Stripping out the volatile energy and food components, the so-called core CPI also rose 0.1 per cent in January for a second straight month. In the 12 months to January, core CPI rose 1.6 per cent, slowing from a 1.7 per cent increase in December and the smallest rise since June.

With consumer inflation continuing to run below the Federal Reserve's 2 per cent target, monetary policy is likely to remain accommodative for a while even as the US central bank reduces the amount of money it is injecting into the economy each month.

Within the core CPI, there were increases in rents, medical care costs and prescription drugs. Tobacco prices recorded their largest gain since July. These tend to rise at the beginning of the year because of tax hikes.

Elsewhere, there were declines in the price of new motor vehicles, prices for used cars and trucks and apparel. Airline fares dropped 2.2 per cent.

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