WASHINGTON (AFP) - The World Bank slashed its growth forecast for the global economy in 2016 on Wednesday (Jan 6), citing "disappointing" growth in major emerging-market economies like China and Brazil.
The bank cut its June forecast for global economic expansion in 2016 by 0.4 percentage point to 2.9 per cent, though that is still faster than 2015's sluggish 2.4 per cent.
"Simultaneous weakness in most major emerging markets is a concern for achieving the goals of poverty reduction and shared prosperity because those countries have been powerful contributors to global growth for the past decade," the World Bank said.
In the midst of a deep economic transition, China should see economic growth slow to 6.7 per cent this year from 6.9 per cent in 2015, it said. The 2016 forecast for the world's second-largest economy is 0.3 point lower than six months ago and would mark its weakest performance since 1990.
Since mid-2014, China has endured bouts of financial turbulence, the latest on Monday with a spectacular seven per cent plunge in stock market indices.
The World Bank's growth revisions are even more drastic for two other emerging-market economies already in recession: Brazil, down 3.6 points to a 2.5 per cent contraction, and Russia, a 1.4-point drop to a 0.7 per cent contraction.
Both countries have been hammered by falling prices for commodities such as oil and agriculture products.
"There is greater divergence in performance among emerging economies. Compared to six months ago, risks have increased, particularly those associated with the possibility of a disorderly slowdown in a major emerging economy," said World Bank chief economist Kaushik Basu. "A combination of fiscal and central bank policies can be helpful in mitigating these risks and supporting growth."
Risks to the outlook also included financial stress linked to the US Federal Reserve's launch in December of an interest rate hiking cycle, and heightened geopolitical tensions, the bank said in its Global Economic Prospects report.
Developing countries were expected to expand by 4.8 per cent this year, 0.4 point weaker than the prior estimate, the 188-nation institution said.
High-income countries on a whole fared better. The forecast for their growth in gross domestic product, the broad measure of output of goods and services, was lowered to 2.1 per cent, a 0.3-point drop.
Only a 0.1 point dip in GDP was notched for the United States, the largest economy, and for the 19-nation euro zone, to 2.7 per cent and 1.7 per cent, respectively.
"The simultaneous slowing of four of the largest emerging markets - Brazil, Russia, China, and South Africa - poses the risk of spillover effects for the rest of the world economy," said Dr Basu.
"Global ripples from China's slowdown are expected to be greatest but weak growth in Russia sets back activity in other countries in the region."
"The global economy will need to adapt to a new period of more modest growth in large emerging markets, characterised by lower commodity prices and diminished flows of trade and capital."