US job growth seen accelerating, leaving Fed closer to hike

Job seekers with recruiters at Grid Alternatives solar job fair in San Francisco, California.
Job seekers with recruiters at Grid Alternatives solar job fair in San Francisco, California. PHOTO: REUTERS

WASHINGTON (REUTERS) - US employers likely added jobs at a brisk pace in September, a sign that the labour market is near full strength and could push the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates at one of its two remaining meetings this year.

The Labor Department's monthly employment report, due on Friday (Oct 2) at 8.30pm, Singapore time, will almost certainly show the US economy is growing enough to push the jobless rate lower in the coming months.

Economists surveyed by Reuters forecast US payrolls outside of farming rose by 203,000 last month, bouncing back from softer job growth in August despite worries a China-led global economic slowdown is sapping America's strength.

The jobless rate was expected to hold steady at 5.1 per cent in September because some workers who gave up jobs hunts in harder times were expected to return to the labour force.

But economists estimate that the economy currently only needs to add about 100,000 jobs a month to keep up with population growth. This is important because job creation above that level will push the jobless rate lower over time and raise the risk of a surge in inflation.

"We're still running well above that pace," said Mr David Stockton, the Fed's chief economist between 2000 and 2011. He expects the US central bank will raise rates in December.

In another sign of labour market tightening, Friday's report was expected to show significant upward revisions to job growth in prior months.

Still, inflation has remained subdued despite the jobless rate's sharp drop over the last year and Fed chair Janet Yellen has said the Fed will hold off on rate hikes until it is quite confident that inflation is going to pick up.

Currently, the pace of inflation, at 0.3 per cent in the year through August, is well below the Fed's 2 per cent target.

There is little sign of inflationary pressure in wages. Average hourly earnings are expected to have increased just 0.2 per cent last month, slower that the 0.3 per cent gain in August.

Employment gains in September are expected to have been concentrated in service industries, in part because a China-led global economic slowdown appears to be battering US factories.

The manufacturing sector is expected to have added zero jobs last month.

Construction sector payrolls, however, likely rose also thanks to a strengthening housing market.

But more layoffs in the energy sector, which is grappling with a nearly 50 per cent drop in the price of oil over the last year, were probably a drag on mining payrolls.