SINGAPORE - A global blockchain-based carbon exchange was launched on Wednesday (Oct 30), offering a marketplace for airlines and other corporate buyers to trade securitised carbon emissions.
The new AirCarbon Exchange, by Singapore-based AirCarbon Pte Ltd, will provide a ready supply of credits, also called EEUs (eligible emission units), for those in the transportation industry to acquire carbon dioxide (CO2) offsets for compliance and voluntary purposes when the list of compliant units is approved.
The carbon credits will be securitised into tokens using blockchain technology, making them highly liquid, fungible and tradable, said AirCarbon on Wednesday.
Each tradable token will be backed by one equivalent tonne of carbon credits.
AirCarbon is applying for the recognised market operator (RMO) licence from the Monetary Authority of Singapore, and aims for the exchange to be fully operational in 2020.
The company also has a fund, the AirCarbon Registration Facility, which provides grants to finance the registration, consulting, issuance and audit fees of CO2-mitigating projects. In exchange for receiving these grants, project developers must commit to list and transact their resulting credits on the AirCarbon Exchange.
The new exchange is a collaboration venture with the Sustainable Energy Association of Singapore (Seas), and supported by Enterprise Singapore.
Mr Edwin Khew, Seas chairman as well as AirCarbon's chairman and co-founder, said: "We aim to make the AirCarbon token the easiest and most streamlined instrument for the trading of EEUs globally."
This will be the world's first global blockchain-enabled, multi-stakeholder carbon trading hub, representing carbon trades worth more than US$100 billion (S$136 billion), said Mr Khew.
Senior Minister of State for Trade and Industry Koh Poh Koon on Wednesday minted the new exchange's first AirCarbon digital token at its launch during the Asia Clean Energy Summit 2019, which is part of the Singapore International Energy Week 2019 held at Marina Bay Sands.
In setting up the exchange, there had been partnerships and discussions with industry stakeholders which include airlines, green project developers, sustainable technology providers, multilateral institutions, impact investors and regulators, Mr Khew added.
Mr Satvinder Singh, assistant chief executive officer of Enterprise Singapore, noted that international regulations and the increased focus on sustainability will lead to greater demand for carbon offsetting activities globally.
"Enterprise Singapore stands ready to support solutions providers like AirCarbon to grow in Singapore and address the needs of corporates to offset their carbon emissions, starting from the aviation industry," Mr Singh said.
UK-based First Derivatives designed the front-end trading solution to power the exchange.
AirCarbon also operates the AirCarbon Fund, an investment fund which invests in carbon-mitigating projects such as reforestation, methane capture and carbon emissions reduction. Through these projects, the fund also generates Corsia-compliant tradable carbon offsets, which are then listed on the exchange.
Fintech and financial services group RHT Holdings is an investor in AirCarbon, an RHT spokesman told The Business Times. Chief executive of RHT Holdings Jayaprakash Jagateesan is an AirCarbon board director. He wrote earlier this month that Singapore businesses need to get creative in reducing their carbon footprint and helping to mitigate climate change.
Correction note: An earlier version of this article stated that the carbon credits will be approved by the International Civil Aviation Organisation's (ICAO) carbon offsetting and reduction scheme for international aviation (Corsia). ICAO has clarified that there are no emission units eligible or approved under Corsia yet as the council has not made a decision on the matter.