NEW YORK (REUTERS) - US stocks closed little changed on Tuesday after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reduced its growth forecasts for 2015 and 2016, increasing speculation that central banks would take more aggressive policy moves to spark economic improvement.
The lower forecasts implied less demand for fuel through 2016, contributing to another fall in crude oil, although some bullish results from major energy companies kept the sector afloat.
The S&P energy index eked out a gain of 0.09 per cent.
The IMF cut its forecasts for both years by 0.3 percentage points and advised advanced economies to maintain accommodative monetary policies to avoid increases in real interest rates as cheaper oil increases deflation risk.
The European Central Bank (ECB) is expected to announce on Thursday a program of bond buying to boost the region's flagging economy.
"Any sense at all that the ECB disappoints, you will see the markets correct rather harshly," said Mr Ken Polcari, Director of the NYSE floor division at O'Neil Securities in New York.
"You can speculate all you want and investors can take the market higher all they want, but until the ECB comes out and says it, you are not really going to know."
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 3.66 points, or 0.02 per cent, to 17,515.23, the S&P 500 gained 3.12 points, or 0.15 per cent, to 2,022.54 and the Nasdaq Composite added 20.46 points, or 0.44 per cent, to 4,654.85.
US crude settled down 4.7 per cent to US$46.39 per barrel, after hitting an intraday low of US$45.89, while Brent settled down 1.8 per cent at US$47.99.
Halliburton and Baker Hughes warned that a fall in drilling activity would hurt 2015 results, though the companies also reported better-than-expected fourth-quarter profits.
Halliburton rose 1.8 per cent to US$39.83, while Baker gained 1.2 per cent to US$57.26.
Johnson & Johnson fell 2.6 per cent to US$101.29 as the biggest drag on both the Dow and S&P 500 after adjusted earnings beat expectations but revenue missed forecasts.
Morgan Stanley reported a drop of 81 per cent in revenue from trading fixed-income securities, currencies and commodities, though earnings rose on a sharp drop in legal costs.
Shares dipped 0.4 per cent to US$34.75.
FXCM plummeted 87.3 per cent to US$1.60 on volume of over 91 million shares, its most active day ever.
The retail foreign exchange laid out details of a rescue loan after US$200 million (S$267 million) of losses on last week's shock removal of the cap on the Swiss franc.
NYSE declining issues outnumbered advancers 1,894 to 1,207, for a 1.57-to-1 ratio; on the Nasdaq, 1,639 issues fell and 1,128 advanced, for a 1.45-to-1 ratio favoring decliners.
The S&P 500 posted 47 new 52-week highs and 17 new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 70 new highs and 109 lows.