BEIJING (AFP) - Classic American luxury brands Lincoln and Cadillac are taking on Germany's long-dominant Audi in China, but face a market leader fortified by enviable brand awareness built over years as officialdom's favourite car.
Black Audis - with their four interlocking ring symbols, signifying the long-ago merger of four German auto companies - are ubiquitous at state events, such as the annual meeting of China's legislature in central Beijing.
Audi, which last year celebrated its 25th anniversary in China, has benefitted from its early entry into the market and the prestige its badge holds among high-profile passengers, selling just short of 500,000 vehicles in 2013.
German manufacturers - Audi, BMW, Mercedes and Volkswagen - dominate the premium segment, with 80 per cent market share, the consultancy McKinsey said in a report last year.
Now other players are hoping to take advantage of what executives and analysts call a "broadening" of the segment, such as General Motors' Cadillac and Ford's Lincoln - American luxury brands with illustrious traditions at home where they have served as official cars for American presidents.
China's economy has surged to become the world's second-largest, and its auto market has overtaken the United States as the biggest.
That means a growing middle class is increasingly able to afford premium marques, while at the same time the government has been attempting to promote home-grown vehicles for official use.
The foreign ministry last year announced that minister Wang Yi was using a Hongqi, or Red Flag, vehicle - having switched from an Audi A6, according to Xinhua.
Luca de Meo, Audi board member for sales and marketing, told reporters ahead of the 2014 Beijing auto show that the carmaker "has always been very honoured" at official use of its vehicles.
But the situation has changed, de Meo said, adding that Audi has the "right strategy... to compensate for this".
John Zeng, managing director of LMC Automotive Consulting, said that Audi has sought to widen its customer base.
"They have been putting their focus on the family car" over the past four or five years and are targeting younger consumers, he told AFP.