LONDON (BLOOMBERG) - The Bank of England kept its key interest rate at a record low and noted that the pound's recent appreciation may mean a slower pickup in inflation next year.
In its last policy decision of 2016, the Monetary Policy Committee said sterling's advance could mean "less of an overshoot" above its 2 per cent goal than previously predicted. It still sees a pickup in price growth and repeated its line that it has limited tolerance for exceeding its target.
Emphasizing its balancing act between managing inflation and growth, the MPC also said the economy will cool in 2017 as consumer spending weakens and the vote to leave the European Union rattles investment plans.
The MPC, led by Governor Mark Carney, voted 9-0 to hold the benchmark rate at 0.25 per cent and also unanimously voted to keep its two asset-purchase programs running as planned. After cutting the rate in August after the Brexit vote, it said on Thursday policy can now respond "in either direction" to the changes in the outlook.
"Carney will look past this" faster inflation, said Geoffrey Yu, head of the UK investment office at UBS Wealth Management, said in an interview after the decision. He needs to "make sure that demand doesn't fall off a cliff due to the uncertainty surrounding the Brexit process".
The BOE's current neutral policy stance puts it in between the European Central Bank, which is keeping up asset-purchases through 2017 in an extended stimulus push, and the Federal Reserve, which raised interest rates on Wednesday.
The UK central bank also published a letter from Carney to Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond on the current inflation undershoot. He echoed the BOE analysis on the impact of the recent pound gain on prices, though added that sterling remains "materially weaker than in recent years." The inflation rate stood at 1.2 per cent in November. The bank sees it rising through 2017 to reach about 2.75 per cent the following year.
Mr Hammond, in response, said the government's commitment to the BOE's operational independence and remit remains "absolute," effectively a defense of the central bank after it endured multiple attacks from politicians throughout the Brexit campaign this year.
The BOE expects the economy to grow 0.4 per cent this quarter after a 0.5 per cent expansion in the three months through September. On the global environment, it said the outlook has improved, but this was "counterbalanced by more elevated risks".