SocGen profit beats estimates on trading gains, lower provisions

French bank Societe Generale's headquarters building at La Defense business and financial district in Courbevoie, France.
French bank Societe Generale's headquarters building at La Defense business and financial district in Courbevoie, France. PHOTO: REUTERS

PARIS (BLOOMBERG) - Societe Generale reported third-quarter profit that exceeded analysts' estimates as higher revenue from trading stocks and bonds cushioned a slump at the French consumer bank.

Net income fell 2.4 per cent to 1.1 billion euros (S$1.69 billion) from a year earlier, the Paris-based bank said Thursday (Nov 3). That beat the 790 million-euro average estimate of six analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. Equities trading revenue rose 17 per cent to 482 million euros.

"Societe Generale posted a good commercial and financial performance" as it kept adapting to a "difficult and uncertain environment," chief executive officer Frederic Oudea said in the statement.

France's second-largest bank by market value is shutting branches at home and cutting costs as higher capital requirements and record-low interest rates crimp returns. Unlike Deutsche Bank and Credit Suisse Group, Societe Generale has avoided a deep restructuring of its investment bank and has expanded this year through takeovers in private banking and car leasing.

Revenue fell 5.6 per cent to 6.01 billion euros in the third quarter from a year earlier, above the 5.94 billion-euro estimate of analysts. The bank set aside 417 million euros in provisions for doubtful loans, a 27 per cent decline from the previous year.

Societe Generale's shares have fallen 20 per cent since the year began, compared with a 21 per cent decline in the Bloomberg Europe 500 Banks and Financial Services Index. BNP Paribas, France's largest bank, is down 2.8 per cent in 2016.

Net income at Societe Generale's global banking and investor solutions division, which houses the investment bank, rose 42 percent to 469 million euros. Equity-trading income benefited from an increase in demand for structured products, especially in Asia. Revenue from trading bonds, foreign exchange and commodities jumped 42 pe rcent to 687 million euros, driven by credit and rates. Revenue from advisory and corporate financing rose 1.1 per cent.

BNP Paribas, France's largest bank, last week posted an unexpected increase in profit as its fixed-income revenue surged 41 per cent in the third quarter. The UK's surprise June vote to exit the European Union and uncertainties over the outlook for global interest rates helped spur bond trading in Europe and the US. The five top US investment banks collectively saw a 49 per cent revenue surge in that business.

Net income at Societe Generale's French consumer-banking unit dropped 15 per cent to 353 million euros, as low interest rates squeezed lending margins and financial fees, the bank said. The unit's revenue fell 6 per cent to 2.04 billion euros while its costs rose 1.5 per cent, partly on investments to improve digital offerings. Societe Generale is seeking to reduce the number of its French branches by 20 per cent through 2020.

Profit from international retail banking and financial services, including insurance and car-leasing, rose 31 per cent to 457 million euros, Societe Generale said. In Russia, the company's second-largest market by staff, the company swung to a 7 million-euro profit from an 18 million-euro loss a year earlier.

Societe Generale's common equity Tier 1 ratio, a key measure of financial strength, rose to 11.4 per cent at the end of September from 11.1 per cent on June 30. The bank disclosed a new CET1 requirement of 7.75 per cent under the European Central Bank's process governing restrictions on dividend payments, bonuses and additional Tier 1 bond coupons.