TOKYO (REUTERS) - Apple Inc raised prices of iPads and iPods in Japan on Friday, becoming the highest-profile brand to join a growing list of foreign firms asking Japanese consumers to pay more as a weakening yen squeezes profit.
Some United States (US) companies have inoculated themselves at least temporarily against the yen's fall through financial hedging instruments, while others are charging customers more.
The yen has fallen more than 20 per cent against the US dollar since mid-November when then-opposition leader Shinzo Abe, who is now prime minister, prescribed a dose of radical monetary easing to reverse years of sliding consumer prices as part of a deflation-fighting policy, dubbed "Abenomics."
The Bank of Japan, under a new Abe-backed governor, in April promised to inject US$1.4 trillion (S$1.77 trillion) into the economy in less than two years to achieve 2 per cent inflation in roughly two years.
Price rises are rare in Japan, which has suffered 15 years of low-grade deflation. A few other foreign brands have also raised prices on products, providing an early sign of inflation for Mr Abe and an indication that these companies feel consumer demand is strong enough to withstand the increases.
Still, price rises would have to spread much more widely, especially to lower-end discretionary goods, to show that Mr Abe's aggressive policies are helping reinvigorate the economy.
TIFFANY, COACH, HARLEY
Apple, one of the most visible foreign companies in Japan, raised the price of iPads by up to 13,000 yen (S$163) at its local stores. The 64-gigabyte iPad will now cost 69,800 yen, up from 58,800 yen a day ago, an Apple store employee said. The 128-gigabyte model will cost 79,800 yen compared with 66,800 yen.
Apple also upped prices of its iPod music players by as much as 6,000 yen and its iPad Mini by 8,000 yen.
Mobile phone network operators SoftBank Corp and KDDI Corp, which offer iPhones and iPads at their stores, said they had not yet decided on whether to ask customers to pay more.
By raising prices in response to a weakening yen, Apple joins Tiffany & Co, which on April 10 raised its prices.
Tiffany said this week that it has seen no slowdown in sales since the price hike.
Upscale handbag maker Coach Inc told investors in April that it used hedging strategies to shield itself from currency fluctuations for the next three quarters.
Delta Air Lines Inc said in an interview that hedging has meant the currency impact is "minimal."
Motorcycle maker Harley-Davidson Inc told Reuters in April that the yen's decline would hit its bottom line, but that it makes it a point to avoid raising prices when the Japanese currency slides.
More recently, German appliance maker Miele raised prices of some products, such as its dishwashers, because of the weaker yen.
Volkswagen AG, the biggest foreign car company in Japan, this month also increased the recommended prices of 14 car models by an average of 1.5 per cent.
Pressure too is mounting on Japanese companies that shifted production overseas under a stronger yen and now import products to sell at home.
Speaking to investors on Thursday, Mr Kazunori Takami, the head of Panasonic Corp's appliance business, said his company would have to consider shifting production of washing machines and other appliances sold in the domestic market back to Japan if the yen-dollar rate weakened beyond 105 yen.
Still, for some companies, the weak yen is helpful.
Caterpillar Inc exports a lot of its equipment from Japan, and last month said a "weaker yen provides a cost benefit."