In mice, gene therapy boosts hope for the deaf
PARIS (AFP) - Scientists using gene therapy have partially restored hearing and balance in profoundly deaf mice, according to a study published on Monday in the journal Nature Medicine.
The research, still in its early stages and restricted to lab animals, may open up new avenues for tackling Usher syndrome, an inherited form of human deafness that usually goes hand in hand with blindness.
Researchers led by Michelle Hastings at the Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science in Chicago, Illinois, aimed at a gene called USH1C which has been implicated in the "Type 1" form of Usher syndrome.
USH1C controls a protein called harmonin, which plays a vital role in hair cells - the cells in the cochlea of the inner ear that respond to sound waves and send an electrical signal to the brain.