Taleban leader Mullah Omar is dead, Afghanistan says

A TV screengrab of footage taken secretly by BBC Newsnight which claims to show Mullah Omar (centre) during a rally for his troops in Kandahar in 1996.
A TV screengrab of footage taken secretly by BBC Newsnight which claims to show Mullah Omar (centre) during a rally for his troops in Kandahar in 1996.AFP

KABUL (AFP) - Taleban supremo Mullah Omar died two years ago in Pakistan, Afghanistan said on Wednesday, after unnamed government and militant sources reported the demise of the reclusive warrior-cleric.

The insurgents have not officially confirmed the death of their supreme leader, who has not been seen publicly since the 2001 US-led invasion of Afghanistan that toppled the Taleban government in Kabul.

Rumours of Omar’s ill-health and even death have regularly surfaced in the past, but the latest claims – just two days before fresh peace talks with the insurgents – mark the first such confirmation from the Afghan government.

“The government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, based on credible information, confirms that Mullah Mohammad Omar, leader of the Taleban died in April 2013 in Pakistan,” a statement from the presidential palace said.

The White House added weight to the assertion, calling reports of his demise “credible", though it refused to be drawn on the timing and location of his death.

Haseeb Sediqi, the spokesman for the National Directorate of Security, told AFP that Omar died in a Karachi hospital “under mysterious circumstances”.

Omar’s death would mark a significant blow to an almost 14-year insurgency, which is riven by internal divisions and threatened by the rise of the Islamic State group in South Asia.

The announcement also cast doubt over the second round of negotiations between the insurgents and Afghan government, which are expected to take place in Pakistan on Friday.

“Certainly this news will affect the talks,” Rahimullah Yousufzai, a Pakistan-based expert on Afghan affairs, told AFP.

“If their most important leader is dead, differences will emerge within the (Taleban) over talks.”

The Taleban appear to be maintaining a studied silence, but the Afghan presidential statement said grounds for the discussions are more solid now than before, and implored all insurgents to join the peace process.

TALEBAN FAULTLINES

Confirmation of Omar’s death could trigger a power struggle within the Taleban, observers say, with insurgent sources claiming his son Mohammad Yakoub and current deputy Mullah Mansour are both top contenders to replace him.

Wednesday’s official announcement comes after unnamed government and militant sources told media, including AFP, the one-eyed leader died two or three years ago – and after the Afghan government said it was investigating reports of his death.

“We can confirm that Mullah Omar died two years ago... in Pakistan due to an illness,” a senior official in Afghanistan’s national unity government told AFP earlier.

“He was buried in Zabul province (in southern Afghanistan),” said the official, citing Afghan intelligence sources.

The insurgents in April published a descriptive biography of the “charismatic” supreme leader in a surprise move apparently aimed at countering the creeping influence of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group within their ranks.

The Taleban have reportedly seen defections to ISIS in recent months, with some members expressing disaffection with the low-profile leader Omar.

The biography, posted on the Taleban’s official website to commemorate Omar’s apparent 19th year as supreme leader, tried to dispel speculation he had died by describing him as actively involved in “jihadi activities”.

And earlier this month in a message released in Omar’s name, the leader was quoted as hailing the peace process as “legitimate”.

The comments, the first reputedly made by Omar on the nascent dialogue, eased concerns at the time that the process lacked the leadership’s backing.

'LIES AND DECEPTION'

But a member of the Quetta Shura, the Taleban’s governing council, voiced doubt over whether that message – released just before the Muslim festival of Eid-ul-Fitr – was from Mullah Omar himself.

“For the last few years he has not attended any big gathering, neither has he sent any audio message to his followers,” the member, who requested anonymity, told AFP on Wednesday.

“That gives us reason to believe that he has died.”

Waheed Muzhda, a Kabul-based analyst who served in the 1996-2001 Taleban regime’s foreign ministry, said any confirmation of his death from the militants would bode ill for the unity of their movement.

“It would mean that messages sent out in the name of Mullah Omar in the last two years were all lies and deception,” Muzhda told AFP.

Afghan officials sat down with Taleban cadres earlier this month in Murree, a tourist town in the hills north of the Pakistani capital Islamabad, for their first face-to-face talks aimed at ending the bloody insurgency.

They agreed to meet again in the coming weeks, drawing international praise, but many ground commanders openly questioned the legitimacy of the Taleban negotiators, exposing dangerous faultlines within the movement.

Afghan officials have pledged to press for a ceasefire in the second round scheduled for Friday.

The split within the Taleban between those for and against talks has been worsened by the emergence of a local branch of ISIS, the Middle Eastern militant outfit that last year declared a “caliphate” across large areas of Iraq and Syria that it controls.

The Taleban warned ISIS recently against expanding in the region, but this has not stopped some fighters, inspired by the group’s success, defecting to swear allegiance to ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi instead of the invisible Mullah Omar.