South Asia earthquake: A look at major earthquakes in the past 30 years

People removing debris from a rickshaw on a road following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Peshawar, Pakistan, on Oct 26, 2015.
People removing debris from a rickshaw on a road following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Peshawar, Pakistan, on Oct 26, 2015.PHOTO: EPA
People search for survivors under the rubble of collapsed buuildings in Kathmandu Durbar Square, Nepal, on April 25, 2015.
People search for survivors under the rubble of collapsed buuildings in Kathmandu Durbar Square, Nepal, on April 25, 2015.PHOTO: EPA
A resident of Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture, walks past a mountain of debris about 5.5m high, as clean up efforts continue more than one year after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, on Feb 24, 2012.
A resident of Rikuzentakata, Iwate Prefecture, walks past a mountain of debris about 5.5m high, as clean up efforts continue more than one year after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, on Feb 24, 2012. PHOTO: ST FILE
Children huddle together in what was once their home on May 14, 2008, after an 8.0 magnitude earthquake hit China's Sichuan province.
Children huddle together in what was once their home on May 14, 2008, after an 8.0 magnitude earthquake hit China's Sichuan province.PHOTO: ST FILE
A damaged building stands two weeks after an earthquake struck the Caribbean island of Haiti, with recovery efforts hampered by a lack of a functioning government or central authority.
A damaged building stands two weeks after an earthquake struck the Caribbean island of Haiti, with recovery efforts hampered by a lack of a functioning government or central authority.PHOTO: ST FILE

ISLAMABAD (AFP) - At least 306 people are known to have died after a massive quake on Monday (Oct 27) hit Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the toll expected to rise as rescuers reach remote mountainous areas. 

Monday’s quake was centred near Jurm in northeast Afghanistan, 250km from the capital Kabul and at a depth of 213.5km, the US Geological Survey said. The tremor, which lasted at least one minute, shook buildings in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, sending thousands of frightened people rushing into the streets. 

Below is a list of some of the world's strongest earthquakes in the past 30 years.

- April 25, 2015: A 7.8 magnitude quake in Nepal kills almost 8,900 people and destroys about half a million homes. A massive aftershock with a magnitude of 7.3 follows in May, killing dozens more.

- Aug 11, 2012: Twin earthquakes with a magnitude 6.3 and 6.4 leave 306 dead and more than 3,000 injured near the Iranian city of Tabriz.

- March 11, 2011: Nearly 18,900 are killed when a tsunami triggered by a massive magnitude 9.0 undersea quake slams into the north-east coast of Japan, triggering a nuclear crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant.

 

- Oct 23, 2011: An earthquake of 7.2 magnitude rocks eastern Turkey, leaving more than 600 dead and at least 4,150 injured.

- Feb 27, 2010: An 8.8 magnitude earthquake rocks the coast of Chile, causing a massive blackout affecting many parts of the country and triggering tsunami warnings as far away as San Diego and Japan. Five hundred and twenty-five people were killed, and 25 others went missing.

- Jan 12, 2010: Magnitude 7.0 quake hits Haiti, leaving between 250,000 and 300,000 dead.

- April 14, 2010: A 6.9-magnitude quake hits Yushu county in north-west China's Qinghai province leaving 3,000 people dead and missing.

- May 12, 2008: A quake measuring 8.0 hits China's south-west province of Sichuan, leaving more than 87,000 people dead or missing.

- May 27, 2006: A powerful quake in Indonesia's Yogyakarta region kills 6,000 and leaves 1.5 million homeless.

- October 2005: An earthquake of 7.6 kills more than 75,000 people, the vast majority of them in Pakistan's North West Frontier Province and the Pakistani-administered zone of Kashmir state. Some 3.5 million are displaced.

- March 28, 2005: An earthquake on Indonesia's Nias island off Sumatra leaves 900 dead.

- Dec 26, 2004: A massive undersea earthquake off the coast of Sumatra island triggers a tsunami which kills 220,000 in countries around the Indian Ocean, including 168,000 in Indonesia.

- December 2003: A quake measuring 6.7 hits the Iranian city of Bam, killing at least 31,884 people and injuring 18,000.

- January 2001: A massive 7.7 earthquake hits the western Indian state of Gujarat, killing 25,000 people and injuring 166,000.

- September 1993: A 6.3-magnitude quake hits the western Indian state of Maharashtra, killing 7,601.

- October 1991: A quake measuring 6.6 hits the Himalayan foothills of Uttar Pradesh state in India, killing 768.

- August 1988: A magnitude 6.8 quake hits eastern Nepal, killing 721 people in Nepal and at least 277 in the neighbouring Indian state of Bihar.