SRINAGAR, India (AFP) - The main city in Indian Kashmir has "drowned completely" under floodwaters, a senior official said on Friday, with the deadly inundation now affecting about two million people in neighbouring Pakistan and threatening its all-important cotton industry.
The floods began in Kashmir after heavy monsoon rains and are now progressing downstream through Pakistan, inundating thousands of villages and large areas of important farmland in the country's breadbasket.
More than 450 people have been killed and Pakistan's Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) said just shy of two million people have been affected by the floodwaters - a figure that includes both those stranded at home and those who fled after the floods hit.
More than 140,000 people have been evacuated from towns and villages around Punjab, Pakistan's richest and most populous province.
Authorities have made plans to blast holes in strategic dykes to divert the turbid brown floodwaters away from Multan, a city of two million inhabitants and the nerve centre of Pakistan's cotton and textiles industry, a vital export earner.
This year's floods in Indian Kashmir are the deadliest in the territory in 50 years and up to 100,000 people are still cut off in the mountainous terrain.
The waters are beginning to recede, revealing the extent of the devastation in Srinagar, the capital of Indian Kashmir.
"Srinagar has drowned completely, it's unrecognisable. Almost everything is in ruins, it is just unimaginable," Mehraj-Ud-Din Shah, State Disaster Response Force chief of Kashmir region, told AFP by phone.
He said work was "in full swing" to rescue people.
"But even now, around one lakh (100,000) people are believed to be stranded in different places," he said.
Srinagar has also been hit by looting, leading some householders to risk their lives and stay with their homes to protect their property.
Jamal Ahmed Dar, who lives close to Srinagar's Dal Lake, said that his neighbours had already caught two looters red-handed.
"We came across and then caught up with two young men on a boat who we didn't recognise," he said.
"When we searched them, we found they had cash and other belongings that they couldn't account for. We gave them a bit of a slap, took the stuff back off them and then handed it over to the rescue coordinators."
An AFP correspondent witnessed two men on a raft made out of a plastic water tank trying to break into a house in the upmarket Jawara Nagar neighbourhood before they were chased away by locals who pursued them on a flimsy wooden boat.