Myanmar's top monks shun hardline group

Members of the Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee or State Buddhist Authority meeting in Yangon yesterday. Hours before its two-day gathering, the committee, which represents the upper echelons of the clergy in Myanmar, issued a statement saying it has nei
Members of the Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee or State Buddhist Authority meeting in Yangon yesterday. Hours before its two-day gathering, the committee, which represents the upper echelons of the clergy in Myanmar, issued a statement saying it has neither acknowledged nor formed Ma Ba Tha - and it has never used the term Ma Ba Tha.PHOTO: EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY

They say they never endorsed Ma Ba Tha, a Buddhist group blamed for sectarian riots

YANGON • The body representing Myanmar's top monks has distanced itself from a vocal Buddhist nationalist group, in an unprecedented blow to the anti-Muslim network blamed for a surge in sectarian violence across the country.

The Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee, which represents the upper echelons of the clergy in the overwhelmingly Buddhist country, issued a statement on Tuesday saying it has never endorsed the ultra- nationalist "Ma Ba Tha".

The Ma Ba Tha is a monk-led group that has been at the forefront of anti-Muslim protests in Myanmar in the three years since it was founded.

It recently said it was established under Sangha rules. The claim has now been refuted by the country's top monks in a move to clearly distance the mainstream Buddhist clergy from the hardline group for the first time.

"The Ma Ba Tha organisation is not included under the basic rules, procedures... and instructions of the Sangha organisation," the Sangha committee said in its statement. "Starting from the first Sangha summit in 1980 until the fifth Sangha summit in 2014, no Sangha meeting has acknowledged or formed the Ma Ba Tha - and it has never used the term Ma Ba Tha."

The statement came hours ahead of a two-day gathering of around 50 of Myanmar's top monks in a meeting room inside a man-made cave on the outskirts of Yangon.

A Ma Ba Tha spokesman said it was ready to accept any decision from the clergy, but added that his grassroots network did not need official Sangha approval to exist.

"It was formed with volunteers like other organisations in the country... registration is not needed to form that kind of organisation," said Damapiya, a senior monk in the network.

Ma Ba Tha is the Myanmar acronym for the hardline Committee for the Protection of Nationality and Religion. Last October, it celebrated new legislation that included a Buddhist Women's Special Marriage Law and a Population Control Law, as well as laws mandating monogamy and restricting religious conversion.

The Ma Ba Tha emerged as a potent political force under the former military-backed government, successfully lobbying for a series of laws that human rights groups say discriminate against women and religious minorities.

Scores of people have been killed in sectarian riots across the country that have billowed out in step with their protests.

But the organisation lost out in November elections that saw their allies in the incumbent party trounced by Ms Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy.

It has since been trying to claw back ground, in recent weeks reviving its vitriolic rhetoric that portrays Islam as a threat to Buddhism.

Last month, two mosques were destroyed by Buddhist mobs in the centre and north of the country.

Much of the anti-Muslim invective in Myanmar has targeted the Rohingya - a minority denied citizenship and relegated to apartheid- like conditions ever since deadly riots tore through western Rakhine state in 2012.

The Rohingya's very name invokes strong emotions in Myanmar, and the Ma Ba Tha has led protests for the Rohingya to be known only as "Bengalis" - shorthand for illegal migrants from neighbouring Bangladesh.

Ms Suu Kyi, the de facto prime minister, has faced widespread censure from rights groups for failing to speak up for the Rohingya - who the United Nations has labelled one of the world's most persecuted people.

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on July 14, 2016, with the headline 'Myanmar's top monks shun hardline group'. Print Edition | Subscribe