KUALA LUMPUR (AFP) - A Malaysian rightist figure has vowed that his supporters will confront a planned large-scale protest against corruption-tainted Prime Minister Najib Razak this month, warning ominously that "anything can happen, including violence".
Mr Jamal Yunos and his "Red Shirts" group are widely dismissed as ruling-party thugs-for-hire who seek to suppress any moves against Mr Najib over a huge graft scandal.
But Mr Jamal's confrontational tactics and racially charged rhetoric have stirred growing unease in a country where open political violence is rare.
Mobs of Red Shirts have assaulted reform advocates staging a weeks-long roadshow through Malaysia to highlight the corruption scandal.
The anti-graft campaign culminates with a planned Nov 19 rally in Kuala Lumpur to demand Mr Najib quit and be charged - which Mr Jamal, 46, is vowing to confront with his Red Shirt army.
"Anything can happen. I am not saying we will use violence. Anything can happen, including violence," he said in an interview.
Malaysia's often-acrimonious politics have been seized for more than a year by Mr Najib's alleged involvement in looting billions of dollars from state-owned fund 1MDB.
Mr Najib and 1MDB deny wrongdoing, but US Justice Department filings in July laid out detailed evidence implicating the prime minister, his stepson and associates.
The authorities in several countries are investigating.
After Mr Najib quashed domestic probes, leading civil-society alliance Bersih brought tens of thousands of its yellow-shirted supporters out for massive but peaceful demonstrations in August 2015.
It vows the same on Nov 19 despite the authorities declaring the rally - and any Red Shirt counter-demonstration - illegal.
"What's worse is that Bersih 5 (the Nov 19 rally) has a political agenda to topple democracy in Malaysia via street protests, which happened in Middle Eastern countries like Egypt and Libya," Mr Jamal said.
"We do not want this to happen in Malaysia, which is a peaceful country."
Despite wearing the crimson colours of Mr Najib's United Malays National Organisation (Umno) and his post as an Umno divisional leader, Mr Jamal denies being bankrolled by the party, saying funding comes from his own various businesses.
Yet Mr Jamal's credibility has been hurt by his bizarre claims.
They include that Bersih - originally formed to press for electoral reform - is infiltrated by Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) suicide bombers, and that Jews created the ISIS.
Any allegations against Mr Najib, however, are false, said Mr Jamal, who wore a snug-fitting paramilitary-style shirt, his Ray Ban glasses framing a penetrating gaze.
In recent weeks, dozens of Red Shirts have demonstrated outside the offices of a leading independent news portal, accusing it of being a foreign front, drawing a warning from Amnesty International that the group was a threat to free speech.
"Bersih's tactics have become more openly confrontational, and provoked more openly confrontational tactics form the Red Shirts. The government must recognise that this is an escalation," said Ms Bridget Welsh, a Malaysia politics expert with Turkey's Ipek University.
The situation has attracted comparisons with neighbouring Thailand, where a Red-vs-Yellow struggle saw dozens killed in 2010 street battles, and later strife that prompted a 2014 military coup.
Umno-led coalitions have dominated Muslim-majority Malaysia for decades but have steadily ceded ground in recent elections. The next polls are due within 18 months.
The Red Shirts embody the "desperation" of a hardline Malay elite fearful of losing power to moderate Malays and the Chinese minority, but the group likely enjoys little public support, Ms Welsh said.
Malaysian police have vowed to prevent unrest on Nov 19, and Mr Jamal's threat to unleash 300,000 Red Shirts is widely dismissed.
Mr Najib, who has veered sharply right in recent years as his woes mounted, has not denounced the Red Shirts despite Mr Jamal's provocative comments, which include warning of a repeat of deadly May 1969 race riots that still haunt the multi-cultural nation.
"I, and the Reds group, also want to remind (people) that it is possible the (1969 racial riots) incident can happen again if political groups or Malaysians put their interest ahead of peace and harmony," Mr Jamal told AFP.