MANILA (AFP) - Philippine inflation shot up to a nearly three-year high of 4.9 per cent in July, as millions of poor Filipinos endured steep price rises for essential foods, official data showed Tuesday.
The consumer price increase was the highest since it spiked by 5.2 per cent in October 2011.
"This was mainly due to the jump in the growth of the heavily-weighted food and non-alcoholic beverages index," the National Statistics Office said in a statement.
Also on the uptrend were housing, tap water, electricity and petrol prices, as well as transport costs and tuition fees, it added.
The Philippines has in recent years had one of the fastest-growing economies in Asia, growing by 7.2 per cent in 2013 then slowing slightly to 5.7 per cent in the first quarter.
But President Benigno Aquino's government has been criticised for failing to combat deep poverty, with much of the country's new found wealth being soaked up by the nation's elite.
About one quarter of the country's 100 million people lived below the poverty line in 2012, according to government data, and recent surveys have shown the poor do not feel they are benefiting from the fast growth.
Fifty-five percent of Filipino families rated themselves as "poor" in a June survey, up three percentage points from the 2013 average, according to independent Manila pollster Social Weather Stations.
Sharply rising food prices have been one of the biggest concerns.
"They say the economic growth is surging, but we don't feel it," Manila waitress and mother-of-one Lally Vivar, 25, told AFP on Tuesday as she tried to buy a week's worth of provisions for her family with just 300 pesos (S$8.40) at a wet market.
"We've had to reduce meat consumption by half." The price of rice, the staple cereal in the Philippines, went up 14.4 per cent last month from its year-earlier level, the government said on Tuesday.
The price of garlic also more than tripled to 300 pesos a kilogram last month, while the price of ginger rose nearly seven-fold, Manila market vendors told AFP.
"I had to stop selling garlic for a month because no one could afford them," Manila vendor Dolly Padua said.
While garlic prices had since dropped, ginger prices remained unchanged at 200 pesos a kilogram, she added.
The central bank last week raised its benchmark interest rates for the first time in more than three years in an effort to keep inflation within the government's target of 3.0-5.0 percent this year.