JAKARTA (JAKARTA POST\ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) forecast that El Nino will hit the country between July and August, and its impact will peak in late August.
The agency predicts that the impact of this year's El Nino will be mild.
"The El Nino phenomenon will not be as bad as the one in 1997 and the drought will be less severe too.
"But it will mean that the rainy season arrives later in 2014 and 2015, especially in the eastern parts of Indonesia," BMKG head Andi Eka Sakya said.
El Nino is a peculiar phenomenon in sea conditions, marked by the increase in sea surface temperature (SST) in the Pacific Ocean around the equator, known as the equatorial Pacific Ocean, especially around the coast of Peru.
Since the ocean and the atmosphere are closely interconnected, this peculiar phenomenon causes changes in atmospheric conditions, which results in deviations in climate.
In normal weather conditions, the sea surface temperature of Indonesian waters is generally warm and, therefore, evaporation and condensing can occur easily and form rainy clouds are formed.